He founded Young Italy. Its methods were education and insurrection, and it had a moral basis derived from Mazzini’s own belief in God and in permanent laws of progress, duty, and sacrifice. It was the first Italian democratic movement embracing all classes, for Mazzini believed that only a popular initiative could free Italy.
Giuseppe Garibaldi was born July 4, 1807, in France and died on June 2, 1882, in Caprera, Italy. With the help of Garibaldi, the monarchist-unionist Italian National society achieved wider appeal than it would have achieved under other leaders
Cavour united Italy as prime minister of Sardinia. He involved the kingdom on the British and French side of the Crimean War, using the peace to give international publicity to the cause of Italian unification. He formed an alliance with France against Austria Italy's major obstacle to unification. They defeated Austria in 1859. The peace, was signed in November 1959.