Women were not allowed to enter the professions of laws, medicine, politics but they could could not work in domestic service as cooks or nurses or maids.
The middle class and poor women did not receive a formal education. They had to learn to govern a household and become skilled at housewife duties because that was all they needed to know since they were only expected to be a wife. It was not considered important for women to get a formal education because they wouldn't use it.
If a middle classed girl showed a talent in caring for the sick, she could train at a guild school to go into the medical field as a nurse or a midwife. While a man went out to work, a middle class women was only expected to have children and to stay at home and manage the household duties in the family. Roles in the Elizabeth in era were clearly defined with men reigning superior over women.