A young Baptist minster, Martin Luther King Jr., became a very important activist during the 1950's. He was a leader of the civil rights movement and president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).
Hi! My name is Martin Luther King Jr.
Throughout the civil rights movement there were many campaigns, which often led to violence from angry whites, but it also led to some gain in their movement.
One campaign was the Birmingham Campaign (1963) that was to protest Alabama's segregation system, King and SCLC came and it led to public showings of demonstrators being beaten, attacked by dogs, and being hit with high-power water hoses.
I support segregation!
King was arrested April 12th after demonstrating as part of the Birmingham Campaign. While in the jail he wrote his well known letter called, "Letter from Birmingham Jail", around that time he decided to go forward with an event that came from the Negro American Labor Council, a job rights march.
A. Philip Randolph's, the founder of NACL, plan for a march is a good idea!
The "Letter from Birmingham Jail" helped bring attention to the march.
By the summer of 1963 the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom was put together.
I am the founder of NACL, A. Philip Randolph, King and I are working together to make the March on Washington happen!
Roy Wilkins of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
The "Big Six" civil rights organizations also took part on the march.
James Farmer of the Congress On Racial Equality
Whitney Young of the National Urban League
John Lewis of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee