Boo! Boo! We want the slaves free! We want to have slavery to stop! Not expand!
Attention! It is my duty to inform you that the Missouri compromise will make a line, that bands slavery above it but, not below it.
The Northern Beliefs about Federal Power
Only Congress should control the right to make a state free or slave.
Northern Fears about the Compromise
We want a unified union, where we don't have to worry about the horrible ideas of slavery! We shall their for eliminate it!
The Northern States opposed the compromise because it did not end slavery and also made western lands more competitive. Many Northerners were worried about the balance of free and slave states in Congress. Furthermore, they felt that the 36 for 30 line would provoke slavery instead of containing it.
Southern States Support for the Comprimise
Only the federal government should be allowed to decide if a state should become a free or slave state.
Southern Beliefs about State Rights
We are your State Representatives! We want slavery for our state!
The Northern states feared the compromise wouldn’t end slavery, it would just provoke it and expand it. Also, the Northerners initially feared that there would not be a free and slave state balance in Congress, with the addition of Missouri.
Southern Fears about the Compromise
A Map of the United States, with the Free and Slave States
The Southerners supported the compromise because it would keep the balance of free and slave states. In addition, it would allow them to continue slavery and force Northerners to give back runaway slaves.
Keep working! You Slaves will never be free, with this new compromise!
The Southerners believed that the state legislature should decide if they wanted to be a free or slave state. They also believed that states had the right to nullify unconstitutional laws.
The Southerners feared that the compromise would limit the expansion of slavery beyond the 36 for 30 line and felt the compromise would bring a regulation on slavery.