One of the things parents can do is provide a balance of autonomy. During the period of adolescence, “different aspects of parenting become more salient” which may result in “parents’ attempts to set rules and know their adolescents’ friends, activities, and whereabouts” (Stattin & Kerr, 2000, as cited in Lansford, 2020). However, to prevent or ease problematic adolescent adjustment, parents can provide adolescents with the right amount of independence while also maintaining some control over particular situations and decisions.
What can parents do to promote their adolescents’ positive adjustment?
Be open to their adolescents’ changes and needs. Essentially, this means that as adolescents go through their developmental changes that require certain needs to be met, parents can aim to “adapt to and accommodate the differing needs of particular adolescents”. (Kobak, Abbott, Zisk, and Bounoua, 2017). As parents provide this opportunity for adolescents they can begin to have feelings of confidence in parents and this can lead to building healthy parent-adolescent relationships which can ultimately contribute to adolescent positive adjustments as this can create a way for them to rely on parents during difficult situations and avoid engaging in risky behaviours and activities.