The first battle of the civil war, the confederates army defeated Major Robert Anderson's small Union in the unfinished fort in the harbor at Charleston, South Carolina.
One of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War and remains the single bloodiest day in American history with over 23,000 casualties. The Union had defeated the Confederate army so President Abraham Lincoln used the Union victory at Antietam to make his Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862
battle of gettysburg
Siege of Vicksburg took place in May and June of 1863, in waren country, Mississippi. Ulysses S. Grant's armies entrapped a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John Pemberton. The battle ended with a unions victory but with 37,237 casualties
lee's surrender at Appomattox court house
The Emancipation Proclamation, edict issued by U.S. Pres. Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, that freed the slaves of the Confederate states in rebellion against the Union.
Gettysburg was a Union victory that stopped Robert E. Lee's second invasion of the North. It was fought from July 1 to July 3, 1863, is was considered the most important engagement of the American Civil War. After a victory over Union forces at Chancellorsville, General Robert E. Lee marched his Army of Northern Virginia into Pennsylvania in late June 1863.
On April 9, 1865, near the town of Appomattox Court House, Virginia, Robert E. Lee surrendered his Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant. Before then, his goal was to bring the remaining troops, meet Confederate reinforcements in North Carolina and resume fighting. But the Battle of Appomattox Court House, lasted only a few hours, which brought the four-year Civil War to an end.