In 1849, there was an even number of free ans slave states.
I live in a free state!
We live in a slave state.
Missouri Compromise: Missouri applied to be a state, but allowed slavery.
Maine will be admitted as a free state, so that Missouri can be a slave state!
California, Utah, New Mexico, and Oregon all applied to become free states.
This means there's going to be more free states than slave states!!
What's so wrong with having more free states?!!
Compromise of 1850: The territories such as New Mexico and Utah would decide for themselves if slavery would be allowed. Cali. would become a free state, and slave trade would be abolished in Washington D.C.
Henry Clay: "The territories shall decide whether to allow slavery or not! Cali. will also become a free state!"
Fugitive Slave Act (1850): This required all citizens to help catch runaway slaves. Anyone who helped a runaway, could be fined or imprisoned.