griswold v connecticut

griswold v connecticut

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  • Griswold v Connecticut (1965) By: Valentina House Period 2
  • Griswold was the executive director of the Planned Parenthood League of Connecticut. She and her colleague C. Lee Buxton were convicted under Connecticut "Comstock Law" which criminalized the counselling, and other medical treatment to a married couple for the purposes of preventing conception. 
  • Violators of the Comstock Act of 1873 could be fined no less than 50 dollars and/or imprisoned for 60 days or more, but not more than a year. 
  • The first Planned Parenthood clinic in Connecticut opened in 1935 in Hartford. It provided services to women who had no access to a gynecologist and provided methods of contraception.
  • By the 1950s, Massachusetts and Connecticut were the only states that still had such laws. 
  • Griswold and the Medical Director of the Planned Parenthood League gave information, instruction, and other medical advice to married couples concerning birth control. 
  • Justice William O. Douglas
  • of other constitutional protections, such as in the Fifth Amendment." 
  • Although the Bill of Rights doesn't explicitly mention privacy, "the right was to be found in the penumbras and emanations
  • Justice Arthur Goldberg
  • "He's right! The Ninth Amendment states, "The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be constructed to deny or disparage others retained by the people."
  • By a vote of 7-2, the Supreme Court invalidated the law on the grounds that it violated "marital privacy." They argued the right to privacy is to be respected in the context of intimate practices. Justices Bryon White and Marshall Harlan II agreed, indicating that privacy was protected under due process by the 14th Amendment.
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