Mos, are we taking a left or right to the Promised Land?
The first three patriarchs were Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Abraham, the first patriarch, had a special bond with God, God promised Abraham and his wife, Sarah, that their family and their descendants will be numerous and inherit a Promised Land. Abraham and Sarah then gave birth to a son named Isaac. Years later, Isaac and his wife Rebekah gave birth to a son named Jacob. Isaac and Jacob became the second and third patriarchs after Abraham, as God renewed the covenant each time with them in different instances.
Battles are pretty tiring, can't we just invade somewhere else?
After the first Passover, the Israelites left Egypt and wandered the desert with Moses as their guide to find the Promised Land. During this journey Moses went to the top of Mount Sinai and received the Torah (Jewish Law) from God. It restated the original covenant and was extended to all of the Hebrews. It took about 40 years to reach the Promised Land, until Moses died right before entering. Then a leader named Joshua took over and led the Israelites into the Promised Land.
We have been set free and we will guide our people!
After settling, battling, and conquering the Promised land from the Canaanites and Philistines, the Israelites were under rule of King Saul. The 10 tribes in the north looked to Saul as king, while the 2 southern tribes looked to David as a king as they saw Saul as a poor leader. The 10 northern tribes were known as Israel while the 2 southern tribes as Judah. Over time the land was ruled and divided by many different kings but the northern kingdom and southern kingdom remained known as Israel and Judah throughout this time.
Years after, Alexander the Great became the King of Macedonia, but his influence was so strong he become world known. By the time he had died he had conquered much land including the Promised Land which is now known as Palestine. Palestine was dominated for 150 years and divided between 2 Greek generals. As being dominated, the Israelites rebelled and created a group called the Zealots. After many battles, the rebellion, and the Maccabean War, the Greeks finally granted the Israelites their freedom.
After the Jews were granted their independence, the Greeks chose a Jewish family take over the land and the Israelites in it. Political groups arose because many were against the Greeks choice. The three religious political groups were the Essense, the Pharisees, and the Saudduccees. All was well in Palestine, as the three groups would work together to rule their land.
Jewish Independence lasted for about 100 years before the Romans took over the land. The Pharisees and the Sadduccees started to disagree and the Romans used this time of weakness to take over the land. But the Romans were not as intense as the Greeks and didn't see the Jewish and other ethnic groups living there as threats. As a result of this, the Jewish people were allowed to stay in Palestine.