Cardiovascular fitness is getting oxygen and blood to your muscles. Example exercises are running, jogging and walking. There is low, medium, and high intensity cardio. Resistance training is improving your muscle fitness with some type of resistance. Examples are working out with free weights, resistance bands and medicine balls. Flexibility is being able to move a joint through its full range of motion. Flexibility strength can come from activities such as gymnastics and stretching.
Fitness and health is assessed from many different things. Weight, Resting heart rate, blood pressure, body mass index and circumference measurements. Each category has a place where you should fall in to be considered healthy. If the placement is out of range either too low or too high, there are higher chances or health risk. Also making sure your heart rate when exercising is where it is needing to be (target heart rate zone).
FITT principles stand for frequency, intensity, time and type. Frequency is how often you workout, intensity is how how much strength is put in, time is how long you workout and type is what you are targeting out of the workout. It is also helpful to know the principles of overload, progression and specificity. Overload,is putting a greater amount of stress on your body. Progression is gradually increasing and changing your workouts. Specificity is training specific parts of your body.