You shall be named Abraham and Sarah, from this day forth.
Praise, Yahweh! I don't want to be in Egypt, anymore!
I will lead you out of Egypt.
Oh, thank you so much!
We definitely need a new king!
I, Saul, am your king!
Around 1900 to 1750 BCE, a man named Abram was entrusted the Jewish covenant by God. Abram and his wife Sara were also given new names by the Lord to show their special relationship with him. Sarah (Sara) then gave birth to a child, named Isaac, who would grow up to become the father of twelve sons. One of these sons, Joseph, became a steward of a rich Egyptian, leading his family to begin a life in Egypt, as well.
I think we should rename this place, Palestine.
Sounds good to me.
A few years after the Israelites entered Egypt, a treacherous Pharaoh decided to enslave them. However, a man named Moses was appointed by Yahweh (God), through a burning bush, to lead the Israelites out of Egypt and into the Promised Land of Canaan. Moses followed Yahweh's request and parts the Red Sea to begin guiding the Israelites to Canaan. Once the Israelites reached Canaan, they fought various battles with those already settled in the land.
New ruler, huh?
Herod, you will be the new ruler of the Jews.
Around year 1020 BC, Saul became the first king of the Israelites. Saul was a great warrior, but he was also weak-hearted, leading the Israelites to wish for a new king. Thus, David was appointed king, followed by his son, Solomon, later on. After Solomon's death, the Kingdom of Israel was divided into two parts, called Israel (the north) and Judah (the south).
I want to learn more about the Torah, but I don't know where to go...
Just speak with one of the rabbis.
In 334 BC, a Greek king, by the name of Alexander the Great, began taking over kingdoms to expand the Greek empire. During this time, he defeated the Persians, leaving Israel and Judah under his control. Various changes, such as the land being renamed Palestine and the Greek culture being introduced to the Israelites, occurred due to this. Around 323 BC, Alexander died and Palestine is divided among two army generals, who were stationed in Syria and Egypt.
In 63 BC, the Romans conquered Palestine, after the Greeks lost to the Jews during the Maccabean War. The Romans selected a Idumean Jew, named Herod, to be the ruler of the land. After being controlled by multiple unfavored rulers, a group of Jews, called the Zealots, decided to rebel against the Romans in hopes of obtaining freedom. However, this rebellion proved to be unsuccessful.
In AD 132, a military leader, by the name of Simon Bar Kochba, led the Jews in a successful battle against the Romans. However, the city of Jerusalem was soon destroyed after Simon and other Jewish leaders were killed in battle. The Jews relied on leaders, called rabbis, after losing their land to provide them with guidance and to teach them about, as well as interpret, the Torah. In AD 1948, Palestine was divided, leading to the birth of a new country, called Israel.