Chapter 23

Chapter 23

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  • King Qin died in 210 B.C.E. After that the Han dynasty ruled.
  • I am Emporer Gao.  I am the first in the Han dynasty.
  • Emporer Gao, who's real name is Liu Bang, was the first emporer of the Han dynasty.
  • 23.2
  • The Han excelled in warfare. Their military methods and new weapons helped them expand their dynasty. The Han had a large and well-organized army. All men from ages 25 to 60 had to serve 2 years in the army. The army was helped by new technologies. Advances in in iron making made armor stranger.The Han also invented the crossbow. They also invented the prank and the kite.
  • Han emperors needed many government officials to help run the vast empire. The government of China during this time functioned as a bureaucracy. A bureaucracy is a large organization that operates using a fixed set of rules and conditions. At each level of the bureaucracy, people direct those who are at the level below them.The highest-level Han officials lived in the capital and gave advice to the emperor. Lower-level officials lived throughout the empire. They had many responsibilities, including overseeing the maintenance of roads and canals. They also had to make sure that, in case of famine, enough grain was produced and stored.
  • 23.3
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  • WORK!
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  • WORK!
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  • 23.4
  • Han farmers were expected to grow enough food to feed their families and to help stock the shared granaries, or grain storehouses. In addition to growing crops, farmers had to make their own clothing, build their own homes, and give one month of unpaid labor to the government for building projects such as canals and roads. Hard as this life already was, floods and drought often destroyed crops, presenting farmers with yet another challenge.One invention that helped farmers was the chain pump. The chain pump made it easier to move water from low irrigation pits and canals up to the fields. Workers used pedals to turn a wheel, which pulled a series of wooden planks that moved water uphill to the fields. This hepled produce more crops for their jobs.
  • 23.5
  • The Han government controlled 2 valuable trade items: salt and silk. Salt was used for preserving poultry and vegetables. Silk was used for clothing and for writing on.
  • Silk was also used for writing on!
  • NO!
  • 23.7
  • 23.6
  • The Han invented many types of medicine and treatment such as acupunture, where thin needles where inserted into the body. This is believed to have rebalanced the forces of Ying and Yang
  • WIth the Han rule came along the invention of paper. It was cheaper to make than silk so people could finally afford it and you could also write on it.
  • Poor guy.. He got sick...
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