Principle #1 Genetic Variation There are two different types of lions some that are larger and have a darker color while the other one is smaller but has a lighter color.
Principle#2 Overproduction and the Struggle for Existence Many dark colored lions die of starvation they are unable to catch big enough prey for both themselves and their young,this is because of their huge frame, dark fur and lone wolf style of hunting
Principle #3 Differential Survival and Reproduction Because of the factors mentioned in the previous box, dark colored lions are more likely to die. While the camouflaged lighter colored lion has learned when to hunt and which animal to hunt in pairs.
Principle #4 Change in the Gene pool The population has shifted over time to the better suited lighter colored lions.