The legend of Rome is that two brothers, Romulus and Remus, were thrown into a river to drown , but they were found and raised by wolves. Once they realized that they were princes, they decided to establish a city, but got into a fight about what the name of it would be. Romulus killed Remus, so the city was named Rome.
Oh no! We're crossing the Rubicon!
The early Roman Republic was split into different classes of people: the plebeians, which included the common people of Rome, and the patricians, which included the wealthier Romans. The plebs were allowed only to be part of the Assembly, but the patricians were allowed to be part of the Senate and consul. As time passed, the plebs eventually able to have the same rights as the patricians.
The Early Roman Empire
Yay! I am now ruler of Rome! I will be remembered for my accomplishments!
Rome began its rise to power by first conquering all of Italy and the Latin tribes. From 264 to 146 Rome fought a series of wars called the Punic Wars against the rival city Carthage. Rome also conquered Syria, Macedonia, and Pergamum.
Caesar Augustus and the Pax Romana
As a Roman citizen I can travel without fear of being in danger!
Julius Caesar was a popular Roman aristocrat and one of history's most brilliant generals and politicians. As his popularity and army grew, the Senate began to fear him. In an act of defiance, Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon River, and then he marched into Italy and was welcomed as their emperor.
The two candidates to replace Julius Caesar when he died were Antony and Octavian, and Octavian defeated Antony and became known as Caesar Augustus. He accomplished and improved many things.
Under Caesar Augustus began the Pax Romana, two hundred year of the Roman Empire remembered for its peace and prosperity. During this time the Empire strengthened and grew.