First, the Governor has an idea for a new law or changes in an existing law, so he introduces this as a bill.
I have an idea! Let me introduce it.
I testify against this bill!
After the Governor was advised on the legal issues, the bill is drafted by an attorney. On legislative day the bill is assigned to a standing committee by a presiding officer after the first reading. Public hearings are held if controversial when author or legislators testify,
After the bill is reported favorably by the committee, the Clerk or Secretary a General Calendar of bills from committee. Presiding officer calls bill up from Rules Calendar and goes through a debate. The bill is debated and amended by the senate and needs majority vote to pass as a bill. If bill is approved, it is sent to the other house.
The second house votes. If bill is passes, it is sent back to the house where it was introduced. First house reviews changes to bill, but if they reject the changes, a conference committee is appointed. When committee report is accepted by both house, the bill is enrolled and sent to the Governor if requested.
The Governor may sign the bill or do nothing and the bill becomes a law. The Governor may veto the bill and will require 2/3 of members of each house to override.
The act and other laws made at the session are printed in the Georgia Laws series. The act is also incorporated into the Official Code of Georgia Annotated. The act becomes effective the following July 1, unless there is another effective date provided.