Abraham Lincoln mad General Joseph Hooker the commander of the army. In Gettysburg, Pennsylvania confederate and Union troops ran into each other. Hooker hesitated on attacking the confederates, so Stonewall Jackson and Robert E. Lee attacked his troops. After this Lincoln lost confidence in his army
The Union is at breaking point!
On July 1, 1863 the new general George G. Meade and Lee ran into each other, while Lee was crossing Maryland into Pennsylvania. Both Union and Confederate generals exchanged fire. During this the confederate soldiers pushed the Union soldiers back, but fortunately they gathered again at Cemetery Ridge.
On July 2, 1863 general Lee attacked the Union's left side. Lee had the idea of if he got control of Little Round Top he could win. Both sides fought vigorously to take control of it. The Union forced the Confederates away from Little Round Top.
The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract.
On July 3, 1863 Lee thought the Union soldiers were almost defeated. General Lee came up with a tactic to attack the center of Cemetery Ridge. General Meade did not leave a lot of troops in the middle of Cemetery Ridge, because it was the center. Both of them exchanged cannon fire for over an hour. The confederates thought they had hurt the Union, because the Union stopped exchanging fire, but they only stopped because the Confederates weren't hurting them.
The aftermath of Gettysburg caused 1/3 of the total forces to be casualties. Altogether, there were about 50,000 casualties, 7,058 fatalities, 33,264 were wounded, and 10,790 went missing. After Gettysburg the Northerners believed they could win the war and the Southerners stopped trying to gain foriegn help.
On November 19, 1863 Abraham Lincoln gave a speech at a ceremony on the Gettysburg battlefield. The speech was about the brave Union soldiers. Lincoln reminded listeners that the war was being fought for liberty, equality, and democracy. After this Lincoln rededicated himself to preserving the Union again and winning the war.