Lady Macbeth reads the letter from Macbeth that his encounter with weird witches
"They met me in the day of success, and I have learned y the perfectest report, they have more in them than mortal knowledge. Whiles I stood rapt in the wonder of it came missives from the king, who all-hailed me 'Thane of Cawdor' Lay it to thy heart, and farewell." - Macbeth
Lady Macbeth comments to the letter that she received
Glamis thou art, and Cawdor; and shalt be What thou art promised. Yet do I fear thy nature; It is too full o' th' milk of human kindness to catch the nearest way. Hie thee hither, that I may pour my spirits in thine ear And chastise with the valor of my tongue All that impedes thee from the golden round, Which fate and metaphysical aid doth seem To have thee crowned withal.
Messager reports that King Duncan is coming to the castle
Thou 'rt mad to say it. Is not thy master with him, who, were ’t so, Would have informed for preparation?
The King comes here tonight.
The first scene of Lady Macbeth in whole play and starts with reading the letter from her husband, Macbeth. This shows the relationship between her and Macbeth which Macbeth importance her as his wife. From the letter, Macbeth presents as a fine husband but he has some worry towards all the matter happens to him which are witches' predictions.
Lady Macbeth reveals her strong and brutal ambition which gives Macbeth a chance to be the King
After reading the letter from her husband, Lady Macbeth describes how wonderful are the matters that he received the position of Thane of Cawdor and his promising glorious future pathway as a man. At the same time, she also mentions the weakness of Macbeth which might have a great impact on his future. Her worry towards Macbeth can be said that she is organized and decent wife that really understood her partner.
Lady Macbeth educates Macbeth how to act in front of the King with hiding ambition
Only look up clear. To alter favor ever is to fear. Leave all the rest to me.
Soon she finished the reading, the servant reports Duncan's visiting Macbeth's castle which accelerates the story towards brutal route. Lady Macbeth replies quickly and asks if Macbeth is coming back. This indicates that she has fair decision-making skills in terms of emergency which is rare to woman at that time when the story plays.
Lady Macbeth expresses her loyalty towards King Duncan by putting herself lower position than the King
Your servants ever Have theirs, themselves, and what is theirs in compt, To make their audit at your highness' pleasure, Still to return your own.
This is the most famous and significant line for Lady Macbeth because it reveals Lady Macbeth's savage side and her hidden ambition. The savagery within her heart presents her brutality but it also represents the danger of achievable desire of mankind. Perhaps what Lady Macbeth is saying can exist in all of humanity which could be the message from the author, Shakespear.
Come, you spirits That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here, And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full Of direst cruelty. Make thick my blood. Stop up the access and passage to remorse, That no compunctious visitings of nature Shake my fell purpose, nor keep peace between The effect and it! Come to my woman’s breasts, And take my milk for gall, you murd'ring ministers, Wherever in your sightless substances You wait on nature’s mischief. Come, thick night, And pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell, That my keen knife see not the wound it makes, Nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark To cry “Hold, hold!”
Macbeth meets with his wife and he speaks his mind towards the plan of murdering Duncan. Lady Macbeth gets angry about Macbeth's nebbishy attitude because she wants to be a queen when Mcbeth actually becomes a king. This seems that the gender roles have been reversed in this scene which develops their characteristic, Lady Macbeth has more muscular thinking compared to Macbeth with nebbish personality.
What should I do...? I don't know what is right
Finally, Lady Macbeth meets with Duncan and his followers at Macbeth's castle. She says that all the service they have done for the king is what they should do as a kinsman of Duncan. However, she is thinking completely opposite way than what she said to Duncan which means she is hiding her real face like the picture. It can be said that Lady Macbeth is showing woman's foxiness and this behaviour will lead Macbeth to the success but also could turn into failure in the future story.
Give me your hand. Conduct me to mine host. We love him highly And shall continue our graces towards him. By your leave, hostess.