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Updated: 3/23/2018
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  • The United States not Prepared for War
  • The British Blockade
  • The Invasion of Canada
  • Jefferson's spending cuts weakened American military strength drastically. The navy only had 16 warships ready for use and a mere 7000 able-bodied men ready for combat. Many of its officers were too old or too tired for combat.
  • The Battle of Washington
  • During the initial days of the war, the British launched a blockade on the American Coast. By 1814, the British navy had 135 warships blockading American ports. British were able to close all American ports by the end of the War. A major sea battle fought at the beginning of the war in August 1812, against the USS Constitution and the British warship Gueriere, the USS Constitution won!!!!
  • The Battle of Baltimore
  • In July 1812 American troops under Gen.William Hull invaded from Detroit, however, Hull became unsure that he had enough soldiers that he had retreated. The British commander Gen Issac Brock took advantage of Hull's situation and let his British soldiers and his Native American Warriors to surround Hull's army and force them to surrender. This is a serious defeat to the US. American forces had better luck on Lake Erie. Commander Oliver Hazard Perry fought until he won. With the Americans in control of the Lake. The British were forced to leave Detroit and retrieve back to Canada. As they retreated Gen. William Henry Harrison followed them to Canada and defeated them in the battle of Thames.
  • The battle of New Orleans
  • The British set fire to several government buildings including the White House. Their strategy was to attack the national capital. The President's wife Dolly Madison gathered all the important papers of the president and fled the white house.
  • The British move out to Baltimore to attack Fort Mc. Henry. British Warships bombarded the fort September 13th 1814. Francis Scott Key watched as the American flag flew over the fort, then he wrote the star spangled banner which became our national anthem in 1931.
  • Battle of New Orleans, U.S. victory against Great Britain, the final major battle of the War of 1812. In the autumn of 1814, a British fleet of more than 50 ships commanded by General Edward Pakenham sailed into the Gulf of Mexico and prepared to attack New Orleans and block the Mississippi River. Lead by Andrew Jackson American forces successfully repelled the British forces.
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