How did this whole thing start? Well the Americans thought that by taking over Hawaii it would greatly benefit the US economy. Hawaii would bring the US new goods and a new naval station.
When sugar started to become popular in the United States, sugar investors started to visit the islands more often. Sugar investors became more and more obsessed with sugar since it was bringing alot of money to their pockets. Sugar investors hired people from China, the Phillipines, and Japan to work in their factories.
King Kalakaua hated the Americans because he felt that the US was trying to mold the Hawaiians into something they weren't. He felt that Hawaiians should be able to express their true culture. Another reason why he hated the Americans was because the US held him at GUNPOINT to sign the Bayonet Constitution. This constitution prevented the Hawaiians from voting.
Queen Liliuokalani takes over after King Kalakau. While she took over she had to deal with some bumps in the road. One being the rebels who were against the Hawaiian people's freedom.
A group of rebels that were sugar planters and businessmen were led by Sanford Dole and had one mission. Their mission was to end the Hawaiian monarch. This ended up up becoming a success and this led to the end of the Hawaiian monarch.
In 1959 President Mckinley annexed Hawaii. Hawaii became the 50th state of the United States.