Martin Luther was born on the 10th of November 1483 in Eisleben, Germany. Luther was sent to a Latin school and then at 13years old to the University of Efurt to Study Law. He earned both his Baccalaureate and Master's degree. In 1505, 21year old Luther fought his way through a severe thunderstorm on the road to Efurt. A bolt of lighting struck near him and he vowed to become a monk.
You are an outlaw and a heretic!
After becoming a monk, Luther found many areas where he disagreed with the RomanCatholic Church on the bible. He was angry with the Pope for using money raised from selling indulgences to build St Peter’s Basilica. Luther didn’t believe indulgences and thought that you were in charge of your own fate.
Luther nailed the 95 Theses to a door of Wittenberg Castle church on October the 31st, 1517 and unknowingly started the Reformation. The 95 Theses were about the corruption Luther saw within the Roman Catholic Church, such as the indulgences and the great power the Pope held. They also included Luther’s main idea that faith alone would lead to salvation.
Martin Luther was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church by Pope Leo X in 1521 because of his radical beliefs. Later, Luther was called before the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V, at the Imperial Diet of Worms to defend his ideas. He refused to recant and Emperor Charles V declared him an outlaw and a heretic.
In 1525, German pheasants took up Luther’s ideas and started the Pheasant Wars which lasted 2 years. The pheasants refused to pay taxes, robbed Church lands and raised an army of 300,000 people. When this happened, Luther than went agains this ideas and said that it was a spiritual concept not meant to promote equality or freedom. He advised the faithful to kill all rebels.
Luther translated the bible to German in 1534. Before then, the bible had only been available in Latin which only priest could read. This enabled everyone to read the bible and come up with their own ideas and beliefs. Martin Luther Died on the 18th of February, 1546 in Eisleben, Germany.