Northern Free States: Feeling about States additions
We want Missouri as a slave state!!
Then, we are bringing Maine as a free state! That's fair!
Northern Free States: Feelings about the 36°30′ line?
South: slave states
FREE STATES ABOVE THE 36,30
I'm James Tallmadge of New York
Northern Free States: Who was involved?
I'm Rufus King of Massachusetts.
Northerners strongly opposed adding Missouri as a slave state to the Union since it would upset the balance of power in Congress. If Missouri is added as a slave state, Maine would come in as a free state to preserve the balance.
Southern Slave States: Feelings about state additions?
More slaves are better for southerners.
Proposing latitude 36 30 as the boundary between the free and slave states would assure no new states north of the boundary will be admitted as a slave state. Northerners liked it.
Southern Slave States: Feelings about the 36°30′ line?
36 30 will be repealed by the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
Free states: Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusettes, and Rhode Island Congressmen who argued for the North: Rufus King who believed Congress has the power to prohibit slavery James Tallmadge: wanted to ban slavery
Southern Slave States: Who was involved?
William Pinkney of Maryland. I'm a supporter of slaves.
Southerners favored any states entering as a slave state because slaves were counted as three-fifths as population. Higher population meant the higher number of representation in Congress. It was an advantage the slave states were hoping for.
The Slaves counted as 3/5th
Southerners accepted the 36 30 line in order to make Missouri a slave state. They never like any restriction to make any states entering the Union as free states. This part of the Missouri Compromise was later repealed by Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854
We have the right to choose slavery
We do not like the government interfering.
Slave states Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana, Alabama, Georgia, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, North Carolina, South Carolina A congressman who argued for the South: Senator William Pinkney who believed in every state right to choose slavery.