The Reconquista was a Spanish campaign to take back the Muslim held parts of Spain. At first the progress was slow, but increased when the Muslim Umayyad ruling dynasty fractured into tiny states. The Muslims eventually lost Spain after losing Granada, the last Muslim controlled city in Spain.
The Impact of the Crusades on the Christians
The Inquisition was a type of religious court upheld by Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain. Judges, called inquisitors, used torture to find out if anyone secretly practiced any other religions.
Impact of the Crusades on Muslims
Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain were devout Catholics who wanted to unify the Iberian peninsula into one Catholic country. To do this they started the Reconquista. Once that was finished they used the Inquisition to find any people still in Spain who were practicing other religions.
Impact of the Crusades on Jews
Christians were impacted by the crusades in three main ways. First, Monarchs strengthened their power because other power figures such as knights and nobles left Europe for the Holy Land. Another effect was that Kings started organized tax systems for supplying the crusades. The last is that the crusaders brought new clothes, foods, and spices from the Holy Land.
The crusades did not bring as many benefits to the Muslims because their advanced culture meant that they had little to gain from the crusaders' European culture. One benefit is that Muslim rulers created a standing army. Another is that they made lots of money through trade. One negative impact was the massacre of Muslim people during the crusades.
The crusades negatively affected the Jewish people. In Muslim lands, the leaders treated more harshly because of the crusades and they erected special taxes on them. In Europe, crusaders ransacked Jewish belongings and destroyed synagogues. Also in Europe the Jews were massacred by crusaders and forced to live in ghettos.