The Roman civilization flourished from about 700 B.C.E. to about 476 C.E. It began in the ancient city of Rome. Rome is located in Italy, which includes a peninsula and islands in southern Europe.
Influence of Etruscan Sports
The Romans have a myth about the founding of their city.Long ago, the story explains, a princess gave birth to twin sons, Romulus and Remus. The boys' father was Mars, the Roman god of war. The princess's uncle the king, was afraid the boys would grow up to take his throne, so he ordered his men to drown them in the Tiber River. However, before the twins drowned, a wolf rescued them.
Influence of Greek Architecture
The Romans became excellent builders, Two important Etruscan structures the Romans adapted were the arch and the cuniculus.
Influence of Greek Art, Religion, & Writing
Romans also adapted two bloody Etruscan sporting events. The first was slave fighting. Etruscan spectators also enjoyed watching chariot races. . In Roman stadiums, thousands of slaves died fighting as gladiators, professionally trained fighters who battled either each other or wild animals.
Greek architecture was one important influence on the Romans. The Romans used Greek designs in their own public buildings. Eventually, they learned to use concrete to create even larger structures, such as the Pantheon in Rome.
The Romans then borrowed and altered the Etruscan alphabet. The Greek and Roman alphabets had many similarities. Many Roman writers were inspired by Greek poetry and myths. Both the Etruscans and the Romans admired Greek pottery, painting, and sculpture. Roman sculptors became especially skilled in creating lifelike portraits. The Romans adapted many of the Greek gods as their own, but they gave them Roman names