Northern Free States: Beliefs about Congressional Power?
We want a say too!
Northern Free States: Fears about the Compromise?
52-48, slave states.
They opposed the compromise because they were giving up their beliefs about slavery in order to gain an unorganized territory.
Southern Slave States: Why did they support it?
They thought that it was unfair because they weren’t getting a say on whether or not they wanted a slave state to enter the Union or not.
Southern Slave States: Beliefs about states' rights?
Popular Sovereignty everywhere!!
They feared that slavery would take over and they didn’t want to have an unbalance in Congress which would lead to laws passing for slavery.
Southern Slave States: Fears about the Compromise?
The South supported the compromise because they gained the reinforcement of the Fugitive Slave Law, some money for their debts, and they had a chance with New Mexico/Utah states to balance the ratio of slave/free states through popular sovereignty.
The southern states believed that states should have the right to vote for slavery abolition even if they were above the 36 30 line.
They feared that the compromise would end slavery because states over the 36 30 line would have to abolish it except for Missouri and states south of the line could either keep or abolish it which would lead to the southern economy lowering and their power in Congress lowering too.