Constitutional Stories 02
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New Jersey Plan
Equal Representation! Don't let the Southern states rule Congress!
The Great Compromise
New Jersey Plan!
Why not both!?
The 3/5 Compromise
3/5 of a Person
5/5 of a person
The New Jersey Plan called for a unicameral legislature that had an equal number of representatives from every state. They gave Congress the same powers the Articles of Confederation gave them in addition to tax states and regulate trade between them. This was proposed by New Jersey to prevent Congress from being ruled by the southern states.
A compromise proposed by Connecticut to combine the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey plan. It proposed a bicameral legislation, in which one one house would be made of proportional representation and the other house based on equal representation. This was widely agreed upon but brought on the question if slaves would count as part of the population.
This solved the problem of representation going on between the northern and southern states. This compromise decided that each slave would count as 3/5 of a person as long as southern states would pay more taxes. Everyone ended up agreeing to this, but this basically embedded slavery within the constitution.
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