I, Roger Sherman, propose a solution to the heated debate between larger and smaller states over their representation in the newly proposed Senate. The Connecticut Compromise calls for a dual system of representation. In the House of Representatives, each state’s number of seats would be in proportion to population. In the Senate, all states would have the same number of seats.
Furthermore, I propose to you the Three-Fifths Clause by which three-fifths of the enumerated population of slaves would be counted for representation purposes regarding both the distribution of taxes and the apportionment of the members of the United States House of Representatives.
Now we must write the constitution
We are opposed to the Constitution. The new system threatens liberties and fails to protect individual rights. We demand a Bill of Rights to ensure a greater constitutional protection for individual liberties.
Federalists, such as myself, argued that the government could never do what it was not explicitly authorized to do. A listing of rights, we argued, could be dangerous, leading to a conclusion that only the rights specifically listed were actually protected. Furthermore, most states already had bills of rights and so a federal list would be unnecessary.