Imperialism in Africa
Lesson Plan Reference
Grade Level 9-10
Difficulty Level 3 (Developing to Mastery)
Type of Assignment Individual, Partner, or Group
Understanding the struggles of modern Africa requires an in-depth knowledge of the era known as the Scramble for Africa. The impact that Europeans had on the development of African regions they colonized was far-reaching and damaging. Students should create a 5-7 cell timeline that explains how European nations came to dominate Africa by 1914.
The timeline should address issues and subjects like:
- David Livingstone
- The Belgian Congo
- European advantages
- African resistance movements, especially in Ethiopia
- The Berlin Conference
Imperialism in Africa Timeline Example
David LivingstoneAfter Dr. David Livingstone disappeared into the Congo for several years, an American reporter, Henry Stanley, went to track him down. The story sparked widespread interest in Africa.
The Belgian CongoKing Leopold II hired Stanley to help him acquire lands in the Congo. The colony, the Belgian Congo, brutally exploited locals as labor to collect rubber sap.
European AdvantagesEuropean imperialists had a number of advantages that allowed them to penetrate into Africa and create colonies.
Berlin ConferenceIn order to prevent conflict over African colonies, European leaders met in Berlin to decide where and how colonies should be established. No Africans were invited.
Ethiopian ResistanceEthiopia defeated an invading Italian force at the Battle of Adwa. By 1914, only two nations remained independent: Liberia and Ethiopia.
Students could create an additional timeline that describes the independence movements in Africa in the 1950s and 1960s. A specific focus on the Congo and Patrice Lumumba would provide a good bookend to the story of Imperialism in Africa.