French and Indian War Timeline
Lesson Plan Reference
Grade Level 6-12
Difficulty Level 2 (Reinforcing / Developing)
Type of Assignment Individual or PartnerCommon Core Standards
- [ELA-Literacy/RH/9-10/3] Analyze in detail a series of events described in a text; determine whether earlier events caused later ones or simply preceded them.
In this activity, students will create a timeline representing the events leading up to, during, and following the French and Indian War. For each event, students should include the significance of each event and create a representation of these events. Students should include at least one event that occurred before the war, during the war, and after the war in order to have a timeline that reflects the full span of the conflict.
Example French and Indian War Timeline
French Settle on the Forks of the Ohio River Valley
In 1750, the French settled on the forks of the Ohio River Valley. The British and French began a series of small quarrels over the surrounding land and the resources on it.
|May 28, 1754||
Captain Jumonville Killed
In 1754, 22-year-old George Washington was sent by the British to force the French out of the Ohio River Valley. Following the surrender of the French, a Native American ally violated the rules of war and executed the surrendered French Captain Jumonville.
|July 17, 1754||
Washington Surrenders Fort Necessity
In 1754, George Washington lost the battle of Fort Necessity. With the help of Native American allies, the French were able to use guerrilla warfare tactics to weaken Washington's troops. Following the battle, Washington was forced to sign the surrender document which, unknown to him, also admitted to murdering the French captain.
|July 9, 1755||
French Captain Uses Native American Camouflage
In a monumental decision for the French military, a French Captain, Daniel Liénard de Beaujeu, wore Native America camouflage into battle. This seemingly insignificant event defined how the French were willing to immerse themselves in Native culture, while the British refused to lose their "honor" and tradition.
|September 14, 1757||
Battle of Fort Duquesne
Led by General Edward Braddock, the British clashed with the French for re-acquisition of Fort Duquesne and the forks of the Ohio River Valley. Unable to see their camouflaged French enemies, the British red-coats lost 977 men, while the French only lost nine.
William Pitt Increases War Spending
William Pitt became a Secretary of State for Great Britain and quickly began to drastically increase the spending on the war. The French were unable to match the financial spending and this would become the major turning point of the war.
|September 13, 1759||
Quebec Falls to the British
In 1759, the British were led by General James Wolfe to Quebec and were able to defeat the French forces. The battle was fought on the Plains of Abraham, and within 20 minutes, the French forces surrendered. This victory gave the British full access to the St. Lawrence River.
|February 10, 1763||
Treaty of Paris
On February 10th, 1763 the Treaty of Paris was signed. The Treaty of Paris concluded the French and Indian War and removed the French from North America. It was the beginning of British dominance on the continent.
To extend this activity, students will create a spider map detailing the event they found most significant in causing of the French and Indian War. In the extension boxes, students will answer the following questions.
- Describe the event or action.
- What led to this event?
- Who was impacted by this event?