The Development of the 13 Colonies
Lesson Plan Reference
Grade Level 9-10
Difficulty Level 2 (Reinforcing / Developing)
Type of Assignment Individual or Group
For this activity, students must create a grid explaining and analyzing the development and differences of British colonies in North America. Dividing their grid into three regions (New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Southern Colonies), students will research and define the means of production for each colony, and what defined each regional economy. The second half of their grid will define what was produced, and therefore, how each colony served the British Empire economically. This will serve as both a visual and comparative chart for students when reviewing the differences between regional British colonies, as well as how Britain utilized and profited off each region.
|New England Colonies||In the developing New England economies, trade and commerce were immensely important. With rising early industries, and crucial seaport trade through major cities like Boston, New England colonies became integral parts of British commerce. Foreign goods were traded including rum, spice, and slaves.||Primary productions and functions of Britain's New England colonies included fisheries, international trade and commerce, and the development of industry. Farmers also increasingly became self-sufficient.|
|Mid-Atlantic Colonies||In Britain's middle colonies, a mixture of farming and commerce developed. Like New England, trade through major port cities, such as New York and Philadelphia, brought in goods. Maritime businesses and fisheries flourished. In addition, profitable farms that produced crops such as wheat, barley, and rye proved profitable for the British Empire.||Britain's Mid-Atlantic colonies' primary productions included profitable crops such as wheat, rye, and indigo. Their functions included serving as trade hubs and growing centers of diverse culture where German, Dutch, Scottish, and Irish immigrants all settled for new opportunities.|
|Southern Colonies||In the southern colonies, cash crops were the primary economic foundations. Through slave labor, large plantations were operated and maintained, providing the colonies with major cash crops like rice, tobacco, and cotton. Because of this cash crop economy, southern colonies generally lacked industry and mercantilism, but remained crucial to the British Empire.||In the Southern colonies, primary productions included growing major cash crops, i.e. rice, tobacco, cotton, and sugarcane. Their main function was to to produce raw materials for future manufacturing and trade purposes. Their economy kept the slave trade in demand.|
Student may research their own contemporary regional economies and make a similar chart.
- What defines your regional economy in the 21st century?
- What are the major factors of production, and how do they serve the greater nation as a whole?