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French Adjectives

Teacher Guide by Bridget Baudinet

Find this Common Core aligned Teacher Guide and more like it in our World Languages Category!

Student Activities for Using Adjectives in French Include:

As your French students work to incorporate adjectives into their vocabulary, they must also master a number of rules regarding placement and agreement. At times, students can feel overwhelmed by the many new rules and spelling changes. While a certain amount of memorization is necessary for mastery of a new language, student understanding can also be strengthened by creative practice and application of new skills. Try using storyboards to engage your students as they work to master new French adjectives!

By the end of this lesson your students will create amazing storyboards like the ones below!




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Each sample storyboard lesson below addresses a different set of essential adjective rules. Naturally, each lesson also assumes certain knowledge of grammar and vocabulary. Adapt each assignment in complexity as you see fit based on the level and needs of your particular students.

As with all language assignments, oral practice is essential. Make use of each storyboard’s slideshow feature to allow students to present their projects to the class, reinforcing their oral language skills.


Essential Questions for Using Adjectives in French

  1. When does the spelling of French adjectives change based on number and gender?
  2. How do you use possessive adjectives in French?
  3. How do you ask questions in French using interrogative adjectives?
  4. How are adjective comparisons constructed in French?

Using Adjectives in French Lesson Plans, Student Activities and Graphic Organizers

French Adjectives Agreement


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As students add more French adjectives to their repertoire, they will need to practice proper spelling and placement of each adjective. In particular, it is important that they distinguish standard French adjectives from BANGS adjectives (Beauty, Age, Number, Goodness, and Size). Consider using a simple storyboard chart to facilitate practice with this vocabulary in an engaging way.

Begin by providing students with an English sentence that uses two adjectives - one regular adjective and one BANGS adjective. Above the sentence, provide an accompanying image to help students visualize the sentence. The students’ task is then to translate the sentence into French, breaking it down into both singular and plural scenarios, by adding or eliminating people/objects. The sample storyboard below provides an example.

Here are a few starter sentences you can use in your English column:


  • I ate two large oranges today.
  • There is a pretty pink flower in my garden.
  • The tired old dogs sleep.
  • Our good cars are new.
  • The friendly little children ate lunch.
  • The bad apple is disgusting.
  • His cat has a long, yellow tail.

ANGLAIS FÉMININ SINGULIER MASCULIN SINGULIER PLURIEL
The old friends are content. La vieille amie est contente. Le vieil ami est content. Les vieux amis sont contents.
The beautiful roses are red. La belle rose est rouge. X Les belles roses sont rouges.
The new students are nervous. La nouvelle élève est nerveuse. Le nouvel élève est nerveux. Les nouveaux élèves sont nerveux.
The little black dog eats a lot. X Le petit chien noir mange beaucoup. Les petits chiens noirs mangent beaucoup.

(These instructions are completely customizable. After clicking "Copy Assignment", change the description of the assignment in your Dashboard.)


For this assignment, you will complete a chart to practice proper placement and spelling of French adjectives. Each row of the chart begins with an English sentence, illustrated with a storyboard scene above it. Although each English sentence contains a plural subject, your task is to adapt each English sentence into 2-3 French sentences by describing the objects in the scene individually. You will write three sentences as in the example below.


English sentence: The children are little.


  1. Write a French sentence with only a singular feminine subject (Ex. La fille est petite.)
  2. Write a French sentence with only a singular masculine subject (Ex. Le garçon est petit.)
  3. Write a French sentence with a plural subject (Ex. Les enfants sont petits.)

Remember to make sure all nouns, articles, and adjectives agree in number and gender. Recall also that BANGS adjectives are placed before the noun. All other adjectives follow the nouns they modify.



(Modify this basic rubric by clicking the link below. You can also create your own on Quick Rubric.)





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French Possessive Adjectives


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French possessive adjectives can be difficult for anglophone learners since the gender of the adjective corresponds to the noun that is possessed, rather than the noun that does the possessing. In the sentence “John ate his lunch,” for example, “his” corresponds in gender to “John” in English, but to “lunch” in French. Creating a visual representation of the two nouns in question can help students better grasp this conceptual shift.

A simple six-cell storyboard is an easy way to approach this type of practice. Have students create a scene, then write a sentence using a possessive pronoun to describe something in the scene. Students should include one possessive pronoun for each of the six personal pronoun categories in French.


MA / MON / MES Je lis mon livre.
TA / TON / TES Jean, est-ce que c'est ton frère là-bas?
SA / SON / SES Le directeur téléphone à sa femme.
NOTRE / NOS Nous faisons nos devoirs.
VOTRE / VOS Madame Michelot, où achetez-vous vos chaussures?
LEUR / LEURS Les élèves mangent leur repas.

(These instructions are completely customizable. After clicking "Copy Assignment", change the description of the assignment in your Dashboard.)


Practice using French possessive adjectives in a six-frame storyboard. For each of the six pronoun categories, choose one of the possessive forms (masculine singular, feminine singular, or plural) to demonstrate. Write a sentence that correctly uses the possessive pronoun, and create a scene that brings your sentence to life. Remember that the people and objects in your scene must be consistent in number and gender with the text of your sentence.



(Modify this basic rubric by clicking the link below. You can also create your own on Quick Rubric.)





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Interrogative Adjectives in French


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As students learn to pose questions in French, they will need to master interrogative adjectives. Take advantage of storyboard visuals to provide students with practice asking questions.

In this sample T-Chart storyboard, simple pictures provide scenarios for questions and responses. Have students practice inverting their questions and using interrogative adjectives in each question. In each series of pictures, students should present a scene and a question, followed by a response and a corresponding image.

Make the assignment more complex by requiring questions and answers to be written in a particular tense or using a variety of pronouns. Simplify the assignment or convert it into a worksheet by providing the images and/or response for your students, asking them only to frame an appropriate question. (See Template 2 at the top of the teacher guide) For oral practice, eliminate the text altogether and have students present their image sets in groups, asking their classmates to invent logical questions and responses.


QuestionRéponse
Quelles chaussures veux-tu?Je veux les chaussures blanches.
Quel livre as-tu lu?J'ai lu Le Petit Nicolas.
Quelles salles faut-il ranger?Il faut ranger le salon et la cuisine.
Avec quels amis es-tu allé au cinéma?Je suis allé au cinéma avec Xavier et Gérard.

(These instructions are completely customizable. After clicking "Copy Assignment", change the description of the assignment in your Dashboard.)


For this activity, you will create two columns in order to practice asking and answering questions.

In the left-hand column, you will depict four scenes. Under each scene, write a question about the scene using the inverted question format and an interrogative adjective (quel, quelle, quels, quelles). You must use each form of interrogative adjective once, so be sure to include images of both masculine and feminine nouns.

In the right-hand column, you will alter your original scene to depict only the answer to your question. Below your image, you should also write your answer in a complete sentence. Be prepared to share your scenes with your classmates.



(Modify this basic rubric by clicking the link below. You can also create your own on Quick Rubric.)





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French Adjectives of Comparison


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As students begin studying the French construction for comparative adjectives, storyboard visuals can provide helpful reinforcement. Use simple images with obvious comparative qualities and short sentence descriptions to help students practice their grammar and have fun at the same time.

This activity can be as simple or as challenging as you would like. Limit your students to comparison with regular adjectives (using plus/le plus or moins/le moins) or add in irregular adjectives (bon/mauvais). To get students started, provide them with an image and sentence in the base form column and ask them to complete the other squares, changing the scene as necessary (Template 2). To allow for more creativity, show students the sample below and ask them to fill in all the squares on their own (Template 1). Template 1 is used in this assignment.

.
BASE FORMCOMPARATIVEEQUALSUPERLATIVE
GRAND Le gâteau rose est grand. Le gâteau jaune est plus grand que le gâteau rose. Le gâteau jaune est aussi grand que le gâteau vert. Le gâteau bleu est le plus grand gâteau.
BON Stéfanie est une bonne nageuse. Yvonne est une meilleure nageuse. Yvonne est une aussi bonne nageuse que Camille. Elisabeth est la meilleure nageuse de toutes les filles.
MAUVAIS Marie-Laure a reçu une mauvaise note sur son examen de français.Marie-Laure a reçu une pire note sur son examen d'histoire.Marie-Laure a reçu une aussi mauvaise note sur son examen d'histoire que sur son examen de biologie.Marie-Laure a reçu la pire note de tous ses examens sur son examen de géométrie.

(These instructions are completely customizable. After clicking "Copy Assignment", change the description of the assignment in your Dashboard.)


For this activity, you will demonstrate your ability to compare people and objects using adjectives. For each adjective identified on the left side of the grid, you will write four sentences according to the list below.


  1. Use the adjective in its base form (Ex. A. est content.)
  2. Use the adjective to compare two things (Ex. A. est plus/moins content que B.)
  3. Use the adjective to show equality between two things (Ex. A. est aussi content que B.)
  4. Use the adjective to show the superlative (Ex. A est le plus/le moins content de toute sa famille.)

Above each sentence, create a scene or image that demonstrates your meaning. The images can be simple, but should clearly show comparisons between two or more things as necessary. The nouns and adjectives in your sentences should agree in number and gender with the images in your depictions.



(Modify this basic rubric by clicking the link below. You can also create your own on Quick Rubric.)





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•   (English) French Adjectives   •   (Español) Francés Adjetivos   •   (Français) Adjectifs Français   •   (Deutsch) Französisch Adjektive   •   (Italiana) Aggettivi in ​​francese   •   (Nederlands) Franse Bijvoeglijke Naamwoorden   •   (Português) Adjetivos Franceses   •   (עברית) תארים צרפתיים   •   (العَرَبِيَّة) الصفات الفرنسية   •   (हिन्दी) फ्रेंच विशेषण   •   (ру́сский язы́к) Французские Прилагательные   •   (Dansk) Franske Adjektiver   •   (Svenska) Franska Adjektiv   •   (Suomi) Ranskankieliset Adjektiivit   •   (Norsk) Franske Adjektiver   •   (Türkçe) Fransızca Sıfatlar   •   (Polski) Francuskie Przymiotniki   •   (Româna) Adjective Franceze   •   (Ceština) Francouzské Adjektiva   •   (Slovenský) Francúzske Prídavné Mená   •   (Magyar) Francia Melléknevek   •   (Hrvatski) Francuski Pridjevi   •   (български) Френски Прилагателни   •   (Lietuvos) Prancūzų Kalbos Žodžiai   •   (Slovenščina) Francoski Pridevniki   •   (Latvijas) Franču Valodas Vārdi   •   (eesti) Prantsuse Omadussõnad