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Using Adverbs in French

Teacher Guide by Bridget Baudinet

Find this Teacher Guide and more like it in our World Languages Category!

Student Activities for French Adverbs Include:

Proper use of adverbs will greatly enrich your students’ French. Not only are adverbs essential for expressing negative ideas, but they also add detail and precision to sentences. As students learn to make adverbs a regular part of their writing and speaking, consider using storyboards to supplement their practice. Storyboard projects encourage personal engagement with the content and provide opportunities for the collaborative group work some students may need to master difficult concepts. As students see the way adverbs enrich an illustrated scene, they will better understand the way they enrich conversation and writing.

By the end of this lesson your students will create amazing storyboards like the ones below!




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Each sample storyboard lesson below addresses a different set of essential adverb rules. Naturally, each lesson also assumes certain knowledge of grammar and vocabulary. Adapt each assignment in complexity as you see fit based on the level and needs of your particular students.

As with all language assignments, oral practice is essential. Make use of each storyboard’s slideshow feature to allow students to present their projects to the class, reinforcing their oral language skills.


Essential Questions for Using Adverbs in French

  1. How do you express the adverb “not” in French?
  2. How do you express other negative ideas in French?
  3. How do French adjectives convert into adverbs?
  4. How are adjective comparisons constructed in French?

French Adverbs Lesson Plans, Student Activities and Graphic Organizers

French Negation with Likes and Dislikes


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As students begin their courses of beginning level French, they will learn to express likes and dislikes. This vocabulary naturally pairs with learning the adverb construction of “ne...pas”. Breathe life into your early practice exercises by allowing students to depict their opinions as they express them. For visual learners, this will help reinforce their basic vocabulary retention.

A simple T-Chart storyboard will enable students to express what “j’aime” in one column and what “je n’aime pas” in the other. Keep each row consistent by requiring that students choose a specific category for each row. Younger students may benefit from pre-selected topics (as in Template 2, refer to the top of the teacher guide) to help them organize their categories.

To practice facility with multiple verbs, require students to rotate between -er verbs such as aimer, adorer, détester, and préférer. The sample below demonstrates a use of negation with a variety of verbs in order to avoid repetition of any verb more than once.


J'aime...Je n'aime pas...
J'aime le football américain.Je n'aime pas le tennis.
J'adore la glace au chocolat.Je déteste la glace à la vanille.
Je ne déteste pas la chimie. Je ne préfère pas l'anglais.
Je préfère la musique pop.Je n'adore pas la musique classique.

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For this activity, you will express your likes and dislikes in four different categories. Consider discussing your preferences for books, sports, music, classes, movies, clothing, food, animals, weather, or other topics.

For each topic, your storyboard will have two columns. In one column, you will express something that you like, accompanied by a depiction of your preference. In the opposite column, you will write a sentence naming something in the same category that you dislike. This, too, should have an accompanying illustration.

Use the verbs aimer, adorer, détester, and préférer. Make sure to avoid using any particular expression or verb more than once. You may use each verb a second time if you turn it into a negative.



(Modify this basic rubric by clicking the link below. You can also create your own on Quick Rubric.)





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More Negative Constructions in French


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The many variations of French negations may take students some time to master. Encourage practice with the various constructions through storyboarding. Provide students with a list of negative adverbs to practice and ask them to use each expression in a sentence with an accompanying storyboard illustration. Make the activity more or less complex by specifying a particular tense for your students to use with their negatives.


Suggested Negative Adverbs

  • ne … pas de tout
  • ne … point
  • ne … jamais
  • ne … plus
  • ne … guère
  • ne … rien
  • ne … personne
  • ne … ni … ni
  • ne … aucun(e)
  • ne … que
  • ne … nul (nulle)


Negative AdverbExample Sentence
NE … PASSam n'a pas gagné son match.
NE … PLUSPuisque je fais un régime, je ne mange plus les desserts.
NE … JAMAISBob ne va jamais voyager en avion. Il en a peur.
NE … RIENUne bouteille d’eau coûte 2€, mais une carafe d’eau ne coûte rien.
NE … PERSONNEPersonne ne voulait se plonger dans l'eau froide de la piscine. 
NE … QUECharles n'a trouvé qu'un petit morceau de fromage dans le frigo.
NE … AUCUNTristement, il n'y avait aucun livre dans la nouvelle bibliothèque. 
NE … NI … NICe n'était ni sa mère ni son père qui l'a accueillie. C'était sa grand-mère.

(These instructions are completely customizable. After clicking "Copy Assignment", change the description of the assignment in your Dashboard.)


For this activity, you will demonstrate your understanding of French negatives as well as your ability to use them in a sentence. For each negative expression listed on the assignment template, write a sentence and add a picture that captures the meaning of the sentence. Be creative, but make sure that all of your spelling and grammar is correct!



(Modify this basic rubric by clicking the link below. You can also create your own on Quick Rubric.)





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Changing Adjectives to Adverbs


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Learning the French adverb suffix -ment provides students with a simple way to expand their vocabularies. The many spelling rules that accompany this suffix when added to an adjective may be a challenge for students, however. Make practice fun with a simple storyboard through which students can practice spelling changes and reinforce vocabulary acquisition through visual learning.

The sample storyboard and template for this activity include adjectives that will require various spelling changes before adding the adverb suffix. To simplify the activity, include only masculine singular adjectives that do not require spelling changes in the adverb form.


AdjectiveAdverbExample
polipolimentLe gentihomme lui parle poliment.
lentlentementNous courons lentement sur la sable.
brillantbrillammentLes étoiles étincelent brillamment.
douxdoucementElle berce le bébé doucement.
foufollementIl est tombé follement amoureux d'elle.

(These instructions are completely customizable. After clicking "Copy Assignment", change the description of the assignment in your Dashboard.)


For this activity, you will practice the spelling changes necessary for turning French adjectives into adverbs. In each box of the template, you are given an adjective in the masculine singular form. Change each adjective into an adverb ending in -ment, then use the adverb in a sentence. Above the text box, create a scene that depicts your sentence.



(Modify this basic rubric by clicking the link below. You can also create your own on Quick Rubric.)





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French Adverbs of Comparison


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As students begin studying the French construction for comparative adverbs, storyboard visuals can provide helpful reinforcement. Use simple images with obvious comparative qualities and short sentence descriptions to help students practice their grammar and have fun at the same time.

This activity can be as simple or as challenging as you would like. Limit your students to comparison with regular adverbs (using plus/le plus or moins/le moins) or add in irregular adverbs (bien/mal). To get students started, provide them with an image and sentence in the base form column and ask them to complete the other squares, changing the scene as necessary (Template 2). To allow for more creativity, show students the sample below and ask them to fill in all the squares on their own (Template 1). The student directions use Template 1.


BASE FORMCOMPARATIVEEQUALSUPERLATIVE
RAPIDESandrine conduit rapidement. Rose conduit moins rapidment que Sandrine. Hervé conduit aussi rapidement que Rose. Clemence conduit le plus rapidement de tous.
BIENCarl peigne bien. Julie peigne mieux que Carl. Rolf peigne aussi bien que Julie. Pierre peigne le mieux de tous les étudiants dans son école.
MALIsabelle danse mal. Louise danse pis qu'Isabelle.Amélie dance aussi pis que Louise.Charlotte danse le pis de toutes les danseuses.

(These instructions are completely customizable. After clicking "Copy Assignment", change the description of the assignment in your Dashboard.)


For this activity, you will demonstrate your ability to compare action using adverbs. For each adverb identified on the left side of the grid, you will write four sentences according to the list below.


  1. Use the adverb in its base form (Ex. A. parle vite.)
  2. Use the adverb to compare two things (Ex. A. parle plus vite que B.)
  3. Use the adverb to show equality between two things (Ex. A. parle aussi vite que B.)
  4. Use the adverb to show the superlative (Ex. A. parle le plus vite de toute sa classe.)

Above each sentence, create a scene or image that demonstrates your meaning. The images can be simple, but should clearly show comparisons between two or more actions as necessary.



(Modify this basic rubric by clicking the link below. You can also create your own on Quick Rubric.)





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•   (English) French Adverbs   •   (Español) Adverbios Franceses   •   (Français) Adverbes Français   •   (Deutsch) Französisch Adverbien   •   (Italiana) Avverbi Francesi   •   (Nederlands) Franse Bijwoorden   •   (Português) Adverbios Franceses   •   (עברית) אדווארד צרפתי   •   (العَرَبِيَّة) أدفيربس الفرنسية   •   (हिन्दी) फ़्रेंच ऐडवर्ड्स   •   (ру́сский язы́к) Французские Наречия   •   (Dansk) Franske Adverb   •   (Svenska) Franska Adverb   •   (Suomi) Ranskankieliset Sanat   •   (Norsk) Franske Adverbene   •   (Türkçe) Fransızca Zarflar   •   (Polski) Francuskie Przysłówki   •   (Româna) Anunturile Franceze   •   (Ceština) Francouzské Příslovce   •   (Slovenský) Francúzske Prívesky   •   (Magyar) Francia Melléknevek   •   (Hrvatski) Francuski Prijevodi   •   (български) Френски Реклами   •   (Lietuvos) Prancūzų Kalbos Žodžių Junginiai   •   (Slovenščina) Francoski Prispevki   •   (Latvijas) Franču Valodas Adverbi   •   (eesti) Prantsuse Adverbs