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King Arthur by Benedict Flynn

Teacher Guide by Becky Harvey

Find this Common Core aligned Teacher Guide and more like it in our Middle School ELA Category!

Student Activities for King Arthur Include:

King Arthur is the legend of one of England’s most famous, and arguably most beloved, kings. Though there is no direct evidence to prove his existence, the folklore surrounding his life is extensive. Generations have heard many tales of King Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table, as well as those of his trusted confidant and protector, the great and powerful Merlin. Other stories relate the tale of Arthur’s love for his queen, Guinevere, and the rivalry for her affections between Arthur and his friend, Lancelot.

Camelot, the kingdom which Arthur built, has been the backdrop to many great stories and is now synonymous with idealistic and lost times of virtue and benevolence. Whether the tales told have any footing in reality or not, the stories of King Arthur deal with truths of human nature.

By the end of this lesson your students will create amazing storyboards like the ones below!




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Essential Questions for King Arthur

  1. Is there a hero/villain within everyone?
  2. What is the line between myth and reality?

King Arthur Lesson Plans, Student Activities and Graphic Organizers

Plot Diagram |King Arthur Summary


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A common use for Storyboard That is to help students create a plot diagram of the events from a story. Not only is this a great way to teach the parts of the plot, but it reinforces major events and help students develop greater understanding of literary structures.

Students can create a storyboard capturing the narrative arc in a work with a six-cell storyboard containing the major parts of the plot diagram. For each cell, have students create a scene that follows the book in sequence using: Exposition, Conflict, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, and Resolution.



Example King Arthur Plot Diagram

Exposition

Arthur, son of the Late King Uther Pendragon, pulls a sword from a stone. This act proves that he is the rightful king of England. At sixteen, Arthur is crowned king and Merlin becomes one of his most valuable advisers.


Conflict

Arthur's half-sister, Morgana Le Fay, threatens Camelot and Arthur with sorcery. After facing many battles to protect his throne, Arthur must defend his throne and prove that he is worthy of leading Camelot and England. He battles all of the would-be kings and nearly falls, but for the aid of Merlin’s magic. Morgana’s evil works against Arthur in the battles, but Merlin is more powerful.


Rising Action

King Arthur institutes the Knights of the Round Table after marrying Guinevere. Only the most worthy of knights may sit at the enormous table created by Merlin. Sir Lancelot becomes one of the mightiest champions for Queen Guinevere. Also, Arthur and Guinevere foster Mordred, the son of Arthur and his half-sister Morgana Le Fay.


Climax

Morgana tells Mordred that Arthur is his father and that Mordred is heir to the Camelot throne. Morgana poisons his mind against his father. Mordred begins to conjure up ways to destroy Arthur and claim the throne for himself. Mordred and Morgana plan to strike while many of the knights are on a quest for the Holy Grail.


Falling Action

Mordred is able to prove that Lancelot and Guinevere are having an affair. Arthur is heartbroken. Guinevere is sentenced to burn at the stake, but is saved by Lancelot.


Resolution

Mordred and Arthur wind up in a vicious battle. Though Arthur succeeds at killing Mordred and foiling Morgana’s plan, Arthur, too, is mortally wounded and so ends the fairy-tale existence of Camelot, Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table.


King Arthur and Knights of the Round Table - Plot Diagram
Create your own at Storyboard That EXPOSITION CONFLICT RISING ACTION CLIMAX FALLING ACTION RESOLUTION Arthur, son of the Late King Uther Pendragon, pulls a sword from a stone. This act proves that he is the rightful king of England. At sixteen, Arthur is crowned king and Merlin becomes one of his most valuable advisers. Arthur's half-sister, Morgana Le Fay, threatens Camelot and Arthur with sorcery. After facing many battles to protect his throne, Arthur must defend his throne and prove that he is worthy of leading Camelot and England. He battles all of the would-be kings and nearly falls, but for the aid of Merlin’s magic. Morgana’s evil works against Arthur in the battles, but Merlin is more powerful. King Arthur institutes the Knights of the Round Table after marrying Guinevere. Only the most worthy of knights may sit at the enormous table created by Merlin. Sir Lancelot becomes one of the mightiest champions for Queen Guinevere. Also, Arthur and Guinevere foster Mordred, the son of Arthur and his half-sister Morgana Le Fay. Morgana tells Mordred that Arthur is his father and that Mordred is heir to the Camelot throne. Morgana poisons his mind against his father. Mordred begins to conjure up ways to destroy Arthur and claim the throne for himself. Mordred and Morgana plan to strike while many of the knights are on a quest for the Holy Grail. Mordred is able to prove that Lancelot and Guinevere are having an affair. Arthur is heartbroken. Guinevere is sentenced to burn at the stake, but is saved by Lancelot. Mordred and Arthur wind up in a vicious battle. Though Arthur succeeds at killing Mordred and foiling Morgana’s plan, Arthur, too, is mortally wounded and so ends the fairy tale existence of Camelot, Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table.

Example

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Student Instructions

Create a visual plot diagram of King Arthur.


  1. Separate the story into the Exposition, Conflict, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, and Resolution.
  2. Create an image that represents an important moment or set of events for each of the story components.
  3. Write a description of each of the steps in the plot diagram.



Story Outline Storyboard Template
Create your own at Storyboard That EXPOSITION CONFLICT RISING ACTION CLIMAX FALLING ACTION RESOLUTION

Example

(Use this rubric or create your own on Quick Rubric.)





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King Arthur Vocabulary Lesson Plan


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Another great way to engage your students is with storyboards that use Arthurian vocabulary. Students can list part of speech, pronunciation, and definition along with a visual representation of the word and a quote that uses it. Here are a few vocabulary words from the book, and an example of a visual vocabulary board.


Example Vocabulary from King Arthur

  • raiders
  • heir
  • strife
  • vagabonds
  • parchments
  • anvil
  • pommel
  • grail
  • coronation
  • sorcerer
  • scabbard
  • enchantment
  • thatch
  • Pentecost
  • crucified
  • summons
  • quest
  • oarsmen
  • prow
  • whirlwind
  • billowed
  • treacherous
  • lance
  • parapets
  • canter
  • parley
  • tufts
  • perilous
  • laurel
  • moat
  • hermit
  • salve
King Arthur - Vocabulary
Create your own at Storyboard That VISUALIZATION QUOTE FROM BOOK DEFINITION Witches are said to have magic powers like a sorcerer. "She began to sing, not a song, but a powerful enchantment. Nine times it wound around the sorcerer until he was quite protected by magic for his long sleep." Merlin was a sorcerer who used his powers to aid King Arthur fight off evil. SORCERER