The Battle of Lexington and Concord Comparison Activity
Lesson Plan Reference
Grade Level 9-10
Difficulty Level 2 (Reinforcing / Developing)
Type of Assignment Individual or Group
For this activity, students will create a storyboard detailing the events leading up to, and the events of the Battle of Lexington and Concord. To do so, students will create a T-Chart or a grid storyboard that details both the British and American actions of what will mark the beginning of America’s fight for independence. By looking at both the British and American actions, students will gain a holistic perspective as to how events unfolded and what ultimately resulted in the battle. This will also provide a side-by-side, visual narrative of these events to better understand both sides of the story.
Example Comparison of British and American Actions
|British Actions||American Actions|
|Initial Call to
Lexington and Concord
|The British received word that there were weapons and ammunition being held by colonial militia forces in Concord. They decided to march on Concord in the hopes of capturing John Hancock and Samuel Adams, now rebels.||The colonial militia had prepared to fight and defend themselves from British forces. Weeks in advance, colonial forces had learned of the British intelligence on their supply hold and prepared for their arrival. Also aiding their intelligence were revolutionary leaders Paul Revere and William Dawes, who warned much of the countryside.|
|Preparation and Forces||The British marched on Concord and Lexington with a force of 700, leaving Boston under the leadership of General John Pitcairn. They arrived at Lexington and Concord on the morning of April 19th, 1775 to find opposing colonial forces.||The colonial forces gathered and prepared to defend the supply stock at Concord with a force of 400. They were armed and ready, having had word that the British were indeed arriving.|
|Actions in Battle||The British arrived and had a small skirmish with colonial forces in Lexington. Upon arriving in Concord, they were met with a much greater force. The shot heard round the world took place, as the British battle colonial forces into retreat. However, they would be continuously attacked on their march back to Boston, resulting in further losses.||Colonial forces met British forces in both Lexington and Concord. Despite conflicting testimonies after the battle, colonists insisted the British had provoked the fighting, and soon the colonial militia fought back. Using their knowledge of the terrain and geography, colonial forces continued to fire upon the British on their march back to Boston.|
|Effects of Battle||The British lost 73 men with over 150 wounded. Furthermore, they were surprised by the tenacity and courage of the colonial forces, which would serve as an underlying theme of the revolution.||For colonial forces, the fighting at Lexington and Concord marked the beginning of their fight for independence. Although they will lost 49 men and more than 50 were injured, colonists gained confidence in their fight against British forces.|
Have students research and complete a T-Chart storyboard from another early American Revolutionary battle. This will further allow students to see strategies, effects, and significance of other battles. Furthermore, it can also serve as a comparative to both British and American actions from the Battle of Lexington and Concord.