Character Map: Candidates of the Election of 1800
Lesson Plan Reference
Grade Level 9-12
Difficulty Level 2 (Reinforcing / Developing)
Type of Assignment Individual or Group
Have students create a character map to identify, and examine each candidate that participated in the election of 1800. Students will be able to identify and explain who each candidate was, including their party affiliation, history, and how they fared in the election. Students will build off of these basic characterizations to explore more in-depth content later on.
Candidates of the Election of 1800
|NAME||POLITICAL AFFILIATION||BACKGROUND||ELECTION OF 1800 RESULTS|
|Thomas Jefferson||Democratic-Republican||Thomas Jefferson was a Founding Father who believed strongly in individual and states' rights. He previously served as John Adam's Vice President during his term.||Jefferson won the Election of 1800. He received 73 electoral votes, but the tie with Burr was broken by the House of Representatives.|
|Aaron Burr||Democratic-Republican||Aaron Burr had served in several armies during the Revolution, and made his political career serving New York as both Attorney General and Senator for one term. He would go on to kill Alexander Hamilton in a duel.||Burr ran on the Democratic-Republican ticket alongside Jefferson. Since there were no separate Vice President and President elections, he tied Jefferson's 73 electoral votes, only to be defeated by a tie-breaking vote.|
|Alexander Hamilton||Federalist||An immigrant from the West Indies, Alexander Hamilton guided many negotiations during America's first few rocky years. He served as the nation's first Secretary of the Treasury, helping found the National Bank.||Although Hamilton did not run as a presidential candidate, he certainly influenced the election's outcome. Fervently against Burr, Hamilton helped swing Federalist votes to Jefferson, helping him win the presidency in 1800.|
|John Adams||Federalist||A central figure of the Revolution, Adams entered the election of 1800 as the Federalist incumbent candidate. However, during his presidency, he lost much support, due to several factors.||Adams lost the election, with his 64 electoral votes coming in second to Jefferson and Burr's 73. However, the transfer of power between the two parties exemplified the potential of America's newly-formed democratic government.|
|Charles Pinckney||Federalist||Charles Pinckney ran on Adams' Federalist ticket. Previously, he had served as Minister to France, and was a well-known politician, hailing from South Carolina.||Running with Adams, Pinckney earned 64 electoral votes. This was not enough, and Pinckney would go on to run again in the election of 1804.|
|John Jay||Federalist||John Jay had a substantial career in government. Jay was the first Chief Justice of the United States and Secretary of State under Washington. At the time of the election, he was Governor of New York.||Ironically enough, John Jay did not even consider himself a candidate in the election of 1800, however, he did receive one electoral vote. Jay had an active political career, but his presence was little felt in the presidential election.|
Have students create a character map of another presidential election. Students should include the same topics, including party affiliation, ideas, etc. This will allow students and teachers alike to compare with the election of 1800, and demonstrate its particular significance.