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The Little Prince / Le Petit Prince

by Antoine de Saint-Exupery

Teacher Guide by Elizabeth Pedro

Find this Common Core aligned Teacher Guide and more like it in our Elementary School Category!

Student Activities for The Little Prince Include:

The Little Prince, also referred to as Le Petit Prince, is a modern French fairy tale about an aviator whose plane lands in the Sahara Desert. He meets a small prince who describes his planet and his adventures searching for love.

By the end of this lesson your students will create amazing storyboards like the ones below!




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A Quick Synopsis of The Little Prince (Contains Spoilers)

The story begins by introducing the narrator, an aviator, who recalls drawing a picture when he was six - a picture of a boa constrictor swallowing an elephant. He says that grownups did not understand his pictures and are always looking for explanations for everything.

The narrator then describes his crash landing in the Sahara Desert. He only has enough water to survive for eight days and must repair his airplane himself. While sleeping, he is woken up by the little prince asking him to draw a sheep. After several failed attempts to draw just the right sheep, the narrator draws a crate and claims the sheep is inside. The prince is satisfied.

While spending time with the little prince, the aviator learns about his planet; it’s so small that he can see many sunsets in a single day and even rake his volcanoes. The planet is also quite peculiar in that there are good plants and bad plants; a certain baobab plant must be pulled immediately so that it does not take over the entire planet.

The prince asks the aviator if sheep eat flowers with thorns because he is concerned about his sheep eating his flower. Busy working on his airplane, the aviator carelessly states that thorns do nothing at all for the plant and of course the sheep will eat them. The prince becomes very angry; he wants his flower to be able to protect herself.

This leads the prince to reveal more of the details on how he came to be in the Sahara Desert. Not realizing that he loved his flower, the prince left and visited several planets. He met a king, a vain man who just wanted to be admired, a drunkard who is embarrassed about his drinking, a businessman who believed he was a serious man who owned the stars, and a lamplighter who relit the lamp each minute. The prince found these grownups to be completely ridiculous and useless.

On the sixth planet the prince met a geographer who advised him to visit Earth, which is how he came to land in the Sahara Desert. He was stunned to see that the roses were exactly like his and believed that there wasn’t anything special about his rose at home.

The prince then met a fox, who taught the prince how to tame him. Before the prince left to continue his journey, the fox instructs the prince to look at the roses again. The prince realizes that these roses have not been tamed and therefore are nothing like his rose at home. The fox taught the prince a valuable lesson - anything essential is invisible to the eyes and must be felt with the heart. Through his conversations with the prince, the aviator begins to understand him and realizes that what is important is invisible.

As the days go by, the prince realizes it is the anniversary of his arrival to Earth. The aviator is sad to see his friend go and feels like he has been tamed. The prince is also upset but tells the aviator that he can always look up at the stars, know that the he is at home on his planet, and hear his laughter.

Essential Questions for The Little Prince

  1. Why is making friends important?
  2. Is perseverance a good quality? Why or why not?
  3. Are people able to see what is invisible with their heart? Why or why not?

The Little Prince Lesson Plans, Student Activities and Graphic Organizers

The Little Prince Character Map Graphic Organizer

In this activity, students should depict the characters of the story, paying close attention to the physical and character traits of both major and minor characters. Students should provide detailed information regarding how the characters interact with the main characters, as well as challenges the characters face.

Characters included in the character map are:

  • The Prince
  • The Aviator
  • The Flower
  • The Fox
  • The Snake
The Little Prince Character Map

Example

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Identifying Themes in The Little Prince

Themes, symbols, and motifs come alive when you use a Storyboard. In this activity, students will identify a theme of The Little Prince and support it with evidence from the text.

Example Themes of The Little Prince

Grown-ups vs. Children

  • Grown ups do not understand the beauty in a drawing of a boa constrictor eating an elephant.
  • Grown ups judge the Turkish astronomer based on how he is dressed.
  • Grown-ups measure the beauty of a house by its price and think they know a young friend by how much money his father earns.

Friendship

  • The fox teaches a lesson: "if you want a friend, tame me!”
  • The little prince finally begins to understand what he feels for his rose.
  • The aviator has been tamed by the prince; he is upset to see him leave Earth.

The Little Prince Theme

Example

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The Little Prince Summary of Book


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An exceptional way to help your students follow a story is to have them track the important details. This helps students develop a greater understanding of how the events fit together to provide the overall structure of the story.



Example The Little Prince Summary

Beginning

The aviator lands in the Sahara desert and meets the little prince.


Middle

Readers learn of the little prince's background and his travels from his planet to earth.


End

Readers realize how the two main characters have changed through their experiences.


The Little Prince Summarize the Text

Example

(These instructions are completely customizable. After clicking "Copy Assignment", change the description of the assignment in your Dashboard.)


Student Instructions

Make a storyboard summary of The Little Prince.


  1. Make a picture that shows the beginning of the story.
  2. Make a picture that shows the middle of the story.
  3. Make a picture that shows the end of the story.
  4. Write a sentence under each picture.


BME

Example

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The Little Prince Text Evidence


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In this activity, students will be provided a question or prompt to answer using textual evidence. The prompt here is: “How do characters show perseverance in the text?”

The five examples provided are:

  1. The more questions the narrator asks of the prince, the more he learns about his new friend.
  2. In order to tame the fox, the prince has to keep showing up and keep working hard to gain the fox’s trust.
  3. Without completing his journey, the prince wouldn’t have learned all that he needed to know.
  4. Without wandering far and long in the desert, the prince and the narrator would not have found the well.
  5. Without sticking to his repair job, even when it looked completely hopeless, the narrator wouldn’t have been able to fix his plane.
The Little Prince - Text Evidence

Example

(These instructions are completely customizable. After clicking "Copy Assignment", change the description of the assignment in your Dashboard.)


Student Instructions

Create a storyboard that answers the prompt using at least three examples from The Little Prince. Click on "Add Cells" to change the number of examples.


  1. Type the question into the central black box.
  2. Think about examples from the text that support your answer.
  3. Type text evidence in the description boxes. Paraphrase or quote directly from the text.
  4. Illustrate each example using scenes, characters, items, etc.


Text Evidence 3 Cell Spider

Example

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Point of View in The Little Prince

In this activity, students will examine the author’s point of view and identify ways this view is unique in understanding elements of the story.

  • The narrator talks directly to the prince.
  • The narrator talks to the reader.
  • The narrator is telling the aviator’s story.
  • The narrator is telling the prince's story.
The Little Prince Point of View

Example

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Keeping Track of New Vocabulary


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In this activity, students demonstrate their understanding of several vocabulary words using a spider map. After choosing the word(s), students provide the part of speech, definition, an example from the text, and demonstrate their understanding of the word(s) through an illustration in the related storyboard cell.

Example Vocabulary for The Little Prince

  • extinct
  • baobabs
  • apparition
  • indulgence
  • dedicate
  • disheartened
  • digest
  • scarcely
  • distinguish
  • ponder
  • primeval
  • encounter
  • thunderstruck
  • extraordinary
  • cumbersome

The Little Prince Vocabulary

Example

(These instructions are completely customizable. After clicking "Copy Assignment", change the description of the assignment in your Dashboard.)


Student Instructions

Demonstrate your understanding of the vocabulary words in The Little Prince by creating visualizations.


  1. Choose three vocabulary words from the story and type them in the title boxes.
  2. Find the definition in a print or online dictionary.
  3. Write a sentence that uses the vocabulary word.
  4. Illustrate the meaning of the word in the cell using a combination of scenes, characters, and items.
    • Alternatively, use Photos for Class to show the meaning of the words with the search bar.
  5. Save and submit the assignment. Make sure to use the drop-down menu to save it under the assignment title.



Vocabulary Template Blank

Example

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•   (English) The Little Prince   •   (Español) El Principito   •   (Français) Le Petit Prince   •   (Deutsch) Der Kleine Prinz   •   (Italiana) Il Piccolo Principe   •   (Nederlands) De Kleine Prins   •   (Português) O Pequeno Príncipe   •   (עברית) הנסיך הקטן   •   (العَرَبِيَّة) الامير الصغير   •   (हिन्दी) छोटा राजकुमार   •   (ру́сский язы́к) Маленький Принц   •   (Dansk) Den Lille Prins   •   (Svenska) Den Lilla Prinsen   •   (Suomi) Pikku Prinssi   •   (Norsk) Den Lille Prinsen   •   (Türkçe) Küçük Prens   •   (Polski) Mały Książę   •   (Româna) Micul Print   •   (Ceština) Malý Princ   •   (Slovenský) Malý Princ   •   (Magyar) A kis Herceg   •   (Hrvatski) Mali Princ   •   (български) Малкият Принц   •   (Lietuvos) Mažasis Princas   •   (Slovenščina) Mali Princ   •   (Latvijas) Mazais Princis   •   (eesti) Väike Prints