The Original 13 Colonies Lesson Plan | Frayer Model
Lesson Plan Reference
Grade Level 9-12
Difficulty Level 2 (Reinforcing / Developing)
Type of Assignment Individual or Group
The original 13 American colonies serve as the foundation to America and its future expansion across the North American continent. The causes, effects, purpose, and culture of the original thirteen colonies are the primary elements in understanding this first undertaking of land acquisition.
Using a Frayer Model storyboard, students will identify and explain the major causes and effects of British North American colonists fighting for - and winning - the rights to America’s original thirteen colonies. Students will examine how the colonies functioned, and also how and why the idea of expansion was further peaked.
The formation of the 13 colonies stems from the American Revolution. As colonists became fed up with British policy, they rebelled, aiming to control not only their own lives, but their own lands. It was the first step in America's eventual expansion across North America.
As a result of the American Revolution, colonists secured control over the original 13 colonies of the United States. The U.S. experienced a rocky start, as unifying and operating the vastly different colonies proved difficult. However, with ambition and determination, the young country eventually established itself.
Acquiring control of the 13 original colonies was imperative to the colonists who wanted stability for later generations. The land was plentiful, and provided much opportunity. Furthermore, the territory stretched all the way to the Mississippi, via the Ohio River, providing key trade routes.
Culture within the colonies differed greatly. Each colony had various religions, races, and customs. Each colony and region had distinct economic purposes as well: farming, lumber, fishing, or business. Each colony had an important function in the initial founding and maintenance of the new United States. Their culture would rally around the idea of further expansion and success.
Have students examine and analyze one colony or region of colonies (New England, Mid-Atlantic, or Southern). Using the Frayer Model storyboard, have students explain the function of each colony or region and the major roles it played not only as an original land expansion, but for future expansions as well. Reference “The Development of the Colonies” in the Events and Causes of the American Revolution Teacher Guide for further ideas.