Laikā no 1964. līdz 1973. gadam miljoniem amerikāņu piedalījās neskaitāmos protestos pret Vjetnamas karu. Tā kā katru gadu tiek nogalināti tūkstošiem jaunu amerikāņu karavīru, protesti un opozīcija kļuva par šīs sociālās kustības audumu, kas noteica paaudzi. 1965. gadā neliela studentu grupa Ajovā, Dezminesā, pieņēma lēmumu par apģērbu, kura rezultātā drīz tiks pieņemts ievērojams Augstākās tiesas lēmums.
Izmantojot zirnekļa karti, skolēni var ilustrēt, kurš, kas, kad, kur un kāpēc ir Tinker vs Des Moines gadījums
Who Were The Students Involved In The Case?
What Was The Decision Of The Supreme Court?
" The wearing of armbands in the circumstances of this case was closely akin to 'pure speech' which is entitled to comprehensive protection under the First Amendment." - Justice Abe Fortas
When Did This Take Place?
The students involved in this case were 15 year old John F. Tinker, 16 year old Christopher Eckhardt, and 13 year old Mary Beth Tinker. Although the students felt they had the right to wear the armbands in protest of the Vietnam War, they were suspended as they were in violation of a new anti-armband rule at school.
In a 7-2 decision, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the students. The Supreme Court stated that students nor teachers "shed their constitutional rights to freedom of speech or expression at the schoolhouse gate." Since the Tinkers were not disrupting the learning environment, this symbolic speech was allowed following the landmark Supreme Court case.
The Tinker students wore their armbands to school in 1965. During that same year, almost 2,000 American soldiers were killed in the Vietnam War. Over the next five years, the death rate would increase almost 10x. The protests and opposition to the war continually grew throughout the late 1960s.
Where Did These Students Protest?
North High School
5 Ws Of Tinker vs Des Moines
Why Did The Students Fight Their Suspension?
JJChristopher Eckhard, along with John and Marybeth Tinker, wore their armbands to their public High School and Junior High School in the Des Moines Independent Community School District.
The students fought their suspension as they felt that the brand new school rule regarding arm bands was both aimed at them and a violation of their 1st Amendment rights. The students argued that the arm bands were a form of symbolic speech that was protected as it did not interfere with the learning process inside of the classroom.