La fiecare patru ani, cetățenii Statelor Unite exercită unul dintre cele mai puternice drepturi pe care le au: dreptul lor de a vota pentru președintele Statelor Unite. Deși există multe oportunități pe tot parcursul anului de a vota la alegeri locale sau mai mici, aceste alegeri specifice le oferă posibilitatea de a alege candidatul pe care cred că îl va servi poporului american, va proteja țara și ne va îmbunătăți modul de viață.
În timp ce studenții află că Declarația de Independență a declarat că „Toți oamenii sunt creați egali”, majoritatea oamenilor din Statele Unite nu aveau drepturi depline de cetățenie decât aproape două sute de ani mai târziu. Statele Unite au o lungă istorie în ceea ce privește refuzarea dreptului de vot către săraci, femei și oameni de culoare în mod intenționat, prin intimidare, violență sau crearea de legi ca bariere.
On February 26th 1870, the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified. The 15th Amendment states that no one can be denied a vote "on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude." However, many states instituted poll taxes, literacy tests, and sometimes threats of violence to suppress the African American vote.
19th AMENDMENT RATIFIED
THE TIME IS NOWWOMEN'S RIGHTS ARE HUMAN RIGHTS
24th AMENDMENT RATIFIED
ENTRANCE TO VOTING STATION
On June 4th, 1920, white women in the United States were finally given the right to vote after a lengthy campaign to achieve suffrage. Although some states failed to ratify the amendment, more than 8 million women cast their vote in the election of 1920.
MR. PRESIDENT, HOW LONG MUST WOMEN WAIT FOR LIBERTY?
WOMEN ARE RUDDERLESS....WE NEED THE BALLOT!
On August 27th 1962, the 24th Amendment was passed. States were no longer allowed to implement a poll tax for voters. Poll taxes are fees that citizens have to pay in order to vote. Because of this, many poor Americans were unable to vote. Now, poor and disenfranchised citizens were able to vote for politicians that would help fight for more economic opportunities to break the cycle of poverty.
Voting Accessibility for the Elderly and Handicapped Act
Handicap Accessible Booth
On September 28th, 1984 the Voting Accessibility for the Elderly and Handicapped Act was passed by Congress. Polling places must now be physically accessible to people with disabilities for federal elections. This law officially made it possible for more citizens to have a voice in their government as physical limitations had previously prevented some from being able to vote.
In August 1986, the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA) was passed by Congress. This law allows members of the U.S. Uniformed Services, their family members, and U.S. citizens residing outside of the United States to be able to vote in U.S. elections.