A zsidóság a világ egyik legrégebben folyamatosan gyakorolt vallása, amely körülbelül 4000 évvel ezelőtt kezdődött. Ma a zsidóságot világszerte mintegy 15 millió ember gyakorolja. Ez az ősi vallás volt az első, amely monoteista (egy Istenben hitt), és a mai két legnagyobb vallás, a kereszténység és az iszlám gyökere. A zsidóságnak és a zsidó népnek hosszú és történetekkel teli története van, amelyet tragikusan jellemez az üldöztetés és a száműzetés, de az ellenálló képesség és az erő is.
Passover is a 7 or 8 day celebration of when Moses led the Jews from slavery in Egypt - the exodus. During Passover, they eat unleavened bread in honor of the Jews not having enough time for their bread to rise when they fled. The holiday celebrates freedom from slavery and the resilience of the Jewish people. It is often festive on the first night, when a special meal called the Seder is held and prayers are performed.
Rosh Hashanah is the Jewish New Year, celebrating the time of Creation, which is believed to be 3761 BCE. The current Hebrew year in 2021 is 5781. Rosh Hashanah is one of the highest holidays. Jewish people traditionally greet each other with "L'shanah tovah", which means "to a good New Year". They attend services at the synagogue, blow a big horn called a Shofar, serve wine, and eat challah bread and apples dipped in honey.
Yom Kippur is the “Day of Atonement”. It is considered the holiest day of the year along with Rosh Hashanah. Yom Kippur is a day of fasting, reflection, and prayer with many Jews attending services at their synagogues. Yom Kippur is a day to reflect upon the way they have behaved toward others, the environment, and themselves. It is a day to ask God's forgiveness for wrongdoings or sins and to make atonement and goals for change in the upcoming year.
Happy Purim !
Happy Purim !
Purim is a festive holiday that commemorates a young Jewish woman named Esther (Queen Esther) who risked her life to save all the Jews of Persia from death in the 4th or 5th century BCE. Purim is celebrated with giving to charity, parades, funny costumes, fancy dress with masks, and masquerade parties similar to Venetian Carnival.
The “Festival of Lights”, Hanukkah lasts for eight days and commemorates the rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem after the Maccabees defeated the Syrian-Greeks over 2,000 years ago. A miracle occurred where one day of lamp oil lasted for 8 days. While lighting the candles on the menorah in honor of this miracle, blessings and prayers are recited. Traditional Hanukkah foods are fried in oil, like latkes and jam-filled donuts called sufganiyot. Playing dreidel and the exchange of gifts is also common.