Vi drømmer alle om perfeksjon: den omhyggeliggjorte fysiske og dyktige evnen til en olympisk idrettsutøver; det perfekte familiemålet, som et Norman Rockwell-maleri; det perfekt harmoniske samfunnet, med alle lykkelig å gå om livet deres. Men fullkommenhet kommer til en pris, og forblir alltid ut av rekkevidde. Denne motsetningen er bare en av grunnene til at dystopier har fengslet lesere i alle aldre. Ideen om utopi, i tillegg til den sterke virkeligheten at den aldri kan eksistere, gjør en overbevisende ramme for sosial kommentar og kritikk.
Lord of the Flies Dystopia | Lord of the Flies by William Golding
LACK OF INDEPENDENT THOUGHT OR SPEECH
LACK OF FREEWILL
Initially, the conch was used to keep order, maintain outbursts at meetings, and allow every person a chance to speak. As Jack becomes more powerful, he uses it to silence others and amplify his thoughts and ideas.
Ralph was initially elected to be the leader. However, from the beginning it was Jack who truly had control through his dictatorial use of fear. He allowed Ralph to assume some power because the younger boys listened to him. However, by the end, Jack corrupted all the boys.
Jack is ruthless with anyone who disagrees with him. He punishes disobedience harshly, and even tortures two young boys until they submit to his authority. This brutality is what allows Roger to kill Piggy.
CITIZENS UNDER SURVEILLANCE/FEAR
As Jack claimed more control, he would celebrate the coerced boys who joined the warrior camp by painting their faces like savages, just like his!
In the beginning of the novel, Piggy and Ralph swim in a crystal blue lagoon, which appears to be an archetypal garden of Eden. There are no adults, no rules, a seemingly perfect place for young boys. As the story progresses, the beauty of the island is overshadowed by evil and chaos that overcomes the boys until order is lost permanently.
Jack rules with fear. The idea that the boys believe that they are being stalked by an island monster helps him maintain this control. Their fear causes more chaos as Jack vows to kill the beast, a tactic that he uses gain more power by providing protection.