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https://www.storyboardthat.com/sl/lesson-plans/pearl-john-steinbeck
Načrti Pouka Biserov

The Pearl by John Steinbeck is a fascinating story with the age-old moral to be careful what you wish for. The novella features interesting characters, rich themes, and intense conflict to tell the story of what happens when your biggest wish comes true.


Študentske dejavnosti za Pearl



The Pearl Summary

The novella takes place in a remote seaside village where a young family of three live: Kino, Juana, and their infant son, Coyotito. Although they are poor, the family lives a relatively happy life until one day, Coyotito is bitten by a scorpion and his life is threatened. His parents take him to the doctor; however, they are turned away because they do not have payment for his treatment. To remedy this, his father Kino takes their canoe out in search of a pearl that he can sell to pay the doctor.

At home, Juana prays that her husband will find a pearl bigger than any other and her prayers are answered. Kino finds such a large pearl that it attracts attention from all of the villagers. With this large pearl he begins to dream and brag about what he will do with the money. Eventually, the doctor returns and treats Coyotito, and says he will return in an hour. In the meantime, Coyotito grows more ill, prompting Kino to bury the pearl in the corner of the home. When the doctor returns he is able to administer more medicine to help Coyotito. When he is questioning Kino about the pearl, Kino glances to its secret burial place. Knowing he possibly gave its position away, he reburies the pearl under his sleeping mat after the doctor leaves. Kino’s instincts were correct, that night an intruder comes in (presumably the doctor) looking in the corner for the pearl and Kino fights off the intruder.

Instances and incidents like this become frequent, and Kino’s brother, Juan Tomas, warns Kino that all the dealers are in cahoots to underbid him on the pearl. Kino thus decides that they should go to the capital to sell the pearl. Uneasy about the pearl and the negative attention it is bringing onto the family, Juana tries to steal the pearl and dispose of it. When Kino catches her, he beats her badly and leaves her bloodied on the beach. When he returns home he is met by a group of men who attempt to rob him of the pearl. In the scuffle he drops the pearl, which Juana finds on her way back to the house. Seeing her husband distraught over the loss of the pearl and laying next to a dead man, she gives the pearl back to him. Fearing even more danger, Juana warns Kino that he will now be labeled a murderer and that the pearl is bad luck.

The two inevitably decide they must leave. Juana decides to go home to gather their belongings while Kino goes to ready the canoe. However, they are each met with disaster: Kino finds the canoe destroyed and Juana finds the house has been set on fire. Narrowly escaping, the family hides at Juan Tomas's house until it is safe to leave for the capital to sell the pearl.

After days have passed, the three leave to travel up the mountain to get to the capital city. Kino realizes that they are being followed and they sprint up to a cave where Juana and Coyotito hide. Kino then tries to create diversions for the trackers in the form of false trails. When he finally finds them he attempts to attack them. Yet, at the same moment Coyotito and a gunshot are heard. After Kino kills the trackers and rushes back to the cave, he finds that his son has been shot.

Carrying their dead child, they emerge from the mountain back at their village, where the community silently looks on. Kino then takes the pearl and throws it as hard as he can back into the ocean.



Essential Questions for The Pearl

  1. Why is money often seen as evil throughout literature?
  2. What shapes a person's life more; fate or free will?
  3. What real life lessons do we learn from literature?

Kako Razložiti Biser Mlajšim Učencem

1

Zagotovite Uvod in Kontekst

Začnite lekcijo z razlago okolja, ki je majhna skupnost ob morju, kjer živijo Kino, Juana in Coyotito. Predstavite tri glavne like, Kina (protagonista), Juano in Coyotita. Učence prosite, naj se najprej seznanijo z okoljem in liki za kasnejše razprave.

2

Razpravljajte o Temi Pohlepa in Ponosa

Učenci lahko razmišljajo o več temah, ki so prisotne v zgodbi. Pohlep je pomemben del zgodbe in številni liki se morajo soočiti s posledicami svojih dejanj, potem ko želijo ukrasti biser ali iz njega iztržiti več denarja. Učitelji lahko govorijo o dobrih in slabih moralnih vrednotah in o tem, kako lahko učenci te informacije uporabijo v vsakdanjem življenju.

3

Povežite se z Drugimi Zgodbami

Mlajšim učencem je na voljo veliko zgodb o ponosu in pohlepu, ki jih lahko preučijo in razumejo. Moralni nauk teh zgodb je predvsem »Pohlep je prekletstvo« ali »Ponos je padel«. Učenci lahko te stare zgodbe preučijo vnaprej, da se bolje seznanijo s temami in bolje razumejo dogodke v zgodbi.

4

Podarite Ustvarjalno Dejavnost

Učence prosite, naj skicirajo sliko Kina in njegove družine ali ustvarijo kratko pismo Kina njegovemu sinu Coyotitu kot osnovni projekt pisanja ali risanja v zvezi s pripovedjo. Prepustitev smiselnim ustvarjalnim vajam bo učencem pomagala bolje razumeti zgodbo in like.

5

Spodbujajte Radovednost

Spodbujajte učence, da so radovedni in postavljajo vsa vprašanja, ki jim pridejo na misel. Učitelji lahko vljudno razložijo odgovor na vsako vprašanje, tako da učenci udobno razpravljajo o svoji zmedi in brez oklevanja prosijo za pomoč.

Pogosto Zastavljena Vprašanja o Biseru Johna Steinbecka

Kakšno vlogo ima biser v pripovedi?

Biser je simbol upanja in pohlepa. Prikazuje Kinovo upanje na boljšo prihodnost njegove družine. Toda ko se zaplet razvija, se spremeni v vir tragedije za Kina in njegovo družino.

Kako se je soseska odzvala na to, da je Kino našel biser?

Ljudje Kinu na začetku zavidajo njegovo najdbo, saj takšnega bisera v vasi še nihče ni videl. Postopoma se ta zavist spremeni v pohlep in vsi si prizadevajo vzeti ta biser, kar ima za posledico številne tragedije.

Kakšna je morala zgodbe?

Morala zgodbe namiguje bralcem, da človek ne bi smel zahtevati več in vedno ostati ponižen, tudi ko je prejel največje blagoslove. Vidimo lahko, da je Kino, ki je poskušal rešiti svojega otroka, tega na koncu izgubil zaradi istega bisera, ki ga je našel, da bi mu rešil življenje. Zgodba nakazuje tudi lekcije o pohlepu, naglici in kruti realnosti preživetja v tem svetu.

Oglejte si vse Učiteljske Vire
*(To bo začelo 2 teden brezplačnega preizkusa - nobena kreditna kartica ni potrebna)
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