The point of view an author chooses to write a narrative from is one of the most important decisions they can make. Each point of view changes the reader’s access to the information coming from the characters, and may change the story completely, depending on important factors such as bias and experiences. The three most common types are first person, third person limited, and third person omniscient. In first person, the reader sees the events of the story through the eyes of the narrator, which limits the plot to the experiences and motivations of the narrator using pronouns such as “I”, “me” and “we”. In third person limited, the story is told from the point of view of the narrator who reveals the protagonist’s thoughts, emotions, and motivations from the outside, using pronouns such as “he”, “she”, and “they”. In third person omniscient, the narrator has access to the thoughts, emotions, and motivations of any character at any time throughout the story and not just the protagonist.
Notable Examples in Literature
The Color Purple by Alice Walker is a series of letters to God written by Celie in first person.
Night is a memoir by Elie Wiesel, told in first person.