Do you want your students to understand the 3 types of irony in literature?
Do you want your students to be able to identify and explain irony on their own?
Do you want them to enjoy learning about irony?
Then you have come to the right place! Here at Storyboard That we have developed a few storyboards to help you teach the three types of Irony. However, if you really want your students to learn the concept, check out the activities below that will get them creating their own scenarios of irony or finding examples from your current unit!
Irony is a literary device where the chosen words are intentionally used to indicate a meaning other than the literal one. Irony is often mistaken for sarcasm. Sarcasm is actually a form of verbal irony, but sarcasm is intentionally insulting. When you say, "Oh, great" after your drink has spilled all over your expensive new clothes, you don't actually mean that the incident is positive. Here, using the word 'great' ironically indicates a higher negative implication, even though the wording is positive.
|Verbal Irony||The use of words to mean something different than what they appear to mean.||Situational Irony||The difference between what is expected to happen and what actually happens.||Dramatic Irony||When the audience is more aware of what is happening than a character.|
Teachers can customize the level of detail and number of cells required for projects based on available class time and resources.
A prime example of verbal irony in "The Cask of Amontillado" is when an unsuspecting Fortunato is being led to his death by his former acquaintance, Montresor. As Montresor lures him into the catacombs, he questions Fortunato about his well-being. Montresor notices Fortunato has a cough, which is growing more severe the further down the catacombs they travel. He asks if Fortunato would like to turn back. Fortunato replies, “I shall not die of a cough.” Montresor knowingly replies, “True – true.” The audience finds out at the end that this was in fact use of verbal irony. Montresor appeared to mean that the cough was harmless, but what he was also saying was that he planned to kill Fortunato.
In Great Expectations, Pip and the audience both do not know who his benefactor is. Throughout the novel the reader is led to believe that the benefactor is indeed the rich Miss Havisham. Through her actions and the coincidences of Pip residing and being tutored by the Pockets, her cousins, the reader expects it to be her. Eventually, Magwich, the convict Pip showed kindness to at a young age, is revealed to be Pip's true benefactor. This revelation clashes with the expectations of Pip and the audience, generating situational irony.
In Romeo and Juliet, Juliet is forced to take a sleeping potion in order to escape marrying Paris. She must do this because she is already married to the banished Romeo. When Romeo hears she is dead, the audience knows she is alive. He then kills himself and as Juliet wakes, she sees him dead and takes her life as well. The audience knows it all could have been prevented if the Friar's letter had gotten to Romeo, making the tale all the more tragic.