It seems like there is an infinite amount of genres in literature, but in reality, there are actually many sub-genres. These sub-genres stem from the three primary forms of literature: Poetry, Drama, and Prose. Students will typically encounter these forms of literature for most of what they read and write about in school, so it’s important for students to be able to recognize them and know their key characteristics.
Poetry is the most intense form of writing. It allows a writer to express his or her deepest emotions and thoughts in a very personal way. It relies heavily on figurative language, rhythm, and imagery to relay its message to readers.
Drama is a literary work written to be performed in front of an audience. It contains dialogue, and actors impersonate the characters. It is usually divided into acts or scenes, and relies on props or imaginative dialogue to create a visual experience for the audience.