http://www.storyboardthat.com/articles/e/parts-of-a-story

Teach Parts of a Story

By Rebecca Ray

Find this Common Core aligned resource and more like it in our Elementary School, Middle School ELA, and High School ELA Categories!
}


As the saying goes, there is more than one way to skin a plot! This particularly holds true in the classroom. After speaking with numerous elementary school teachers, I have found that everyone has their own preferred method to teach the same concept. All of the teachers I spoke with introduced their preferred plot diagram and asked students to complete a simple worksheet reinforcing their outline. With the power of Storyboard That, you and your students can take these charts to the next level.

For high school and middle school, see our article on plot diagram.

By the end of this lesson your students will create amazing storyboards like the ones below!




Start My Free Trial

Our Recommended Lesson Plan

Overview of the Lesson

This lesson shows four ways to teach plot structure and summarizing skills in primary school grades.

Plot Definition

Plot is the main events of a story, devised and presented by the writer as an interrelated sequence of events. Various genres or types of literature may contain different sequences, or use different terminology. This article is intended for elementary school teachers teaching the parts of a story to their students.




( Buy Poster )

Most Common Parts of Plot

Introduction

The beginning of a work of literature; the setting and characters are introduced.


Problem

The "conflict" or "problem" is the primary obstacle that the main character must overcome.


Events

The sequence of events or attempts to overcome the problem.


Climax

The turning point of the story.


Resolution

How the problem was resolved.


Conclusion

The ending of the story, the lesson or moral learned.



Grade Level: K-5

Standards

Although this lesson covers multiple age ranges, below are Common Core State Standards for Grade 5. Please see your Common Core State Standards for the correct grade-appropriate strands.


Objectives

Students will be able to explain the parts of a story using details from the text.


Ways to Skin a Plot!

Parts of a Story - Grades K-2

BME: Beginning, Middle, End


For young readers and listeners graphing the parts of a story are simple with a "BME". In this scenario, students might be reading themselves, or being read to. With the direction of their instructor, they will fill out a three-column chart, aloud, as a class. Each column will contain details from the Beginning, Middle, and End of the story. This activity for young readers is excellent to help reinforce sequencing!

Students can easily learn, to summarize most stories with a systematic approach. The “B”, or beginning, of the summary should stop after the problem is introduced. The “M”, or middle, should stop after the climax. Finally, the “E”, or end, should include and explain the resolution/conclusion, i.e., how the problem was solved.





Start My Free Trial

Parts of a Story - Grades 3-5

Somebody, Wanted, But, So, Then


In this five-step process, students are asked to recall specific aspects of the story they read. “Somebody” asks students to recall and describe the main character. “Wanted” requires students to evaluate what the character wanted to do, or was trying to achieve. The “But” is the conflict of the story. It is the inevitable problem the main character runs into, and must face and fix before getting what they want. For the “So”, students tell the ways that the character attempted to solve the “But”. It is important to note that sometimes the main character makes multiple attempts, failing on their first few tries. Finally, students get to the “Then” of the story. “Then” refers to the attempt to solve the problem that worked, this is also known as the resolution.





Start My Free Trial

Parts of a Story - Grades 3-5

What’s the S.T.O.R.Y?


Another similar five-step diagram is "S.T.O.R.Y." This is a great acronym to use in class to help students remember the sequence of events and parts of a story. It is very similar to "somebody, wanted, but, so, then". The acronym stands for:


SSetting: Time and Place
TTalking Characters
OOops! There’s a Problem
RHow is it Resolved?
YYes! Problem Solved





Start My Free Trial

Parts of a Story - Grades 3-5

Event Arch


The event arch is a plot diagram broken down into straightforward language that is perfect for primary school grades. Notice that the event arch and the plot diagram are very similar. The main difference is the terminology used, and the substitutions of "events" for "rising action". For primary grade levels the use of words like introduction, problem, climax, resolution, and conclusion. I have also seen some diagrams that overlay the S.T.O.R.Y acronym or "Somebody, Wanted, But, So, Then" to their outline.





Start My Free Trial

Whichever way works the best with your classroom is recommended; after all, there is more than one way to teach plot structure!


Add a Presentation

Have students attach their storyboard to a paper requiring an in-depth explanation of an element throughout the novel, or couple this assignment with a presentation. See our article on how to present a storyboard.



More Examples of Parts of a Story Activities


Help Share Storyboard That!

Looking for More?

Check out the rest of our Teacher Guides and Lesson Plans!


All Teacher Guides and Lesson Plans Ed Tech BlogElementary SchoolMiddle School ELAHigh School ELAForeign LanguageSpecial EdUS History and Social StudiesWorld History

Our Posters on ZazzleOur Lessons on Teachers Pay Teachers
http://www.storyboardthat.com/articles/e/parts-of-a-story
© 2017 - Clever Prototypes, LLC - All rights reserved.
Want a Free Trial? Learn More about our Educational Edition     Start My Free Trial
Explore Our Articles and Examples

Try Our Other Websites!

Photos for Class – Search for School-Safe, Creative Commons Photos! (It Even Cites for You!)
Quick Rubric – Easily Make and Share Great Looking Rubrics!
Prefer a different language?

•   (English) Parts of a Story   •   (Español) Partes de una Historia   •   (Français) Parties D'une Histoire   •   (Deutsch) Teile Einer Geschichte   •   (Italiana) Parti di una Storia   •   (Nederlands) Delen van een Verhaal   •   (Português) Partes de uma História   •   (עברית) חלקים של סיפור   •   (العَرَبِيَّة) أجزاء من قصة   •   (हिन्दी) एक कहानी के कुछ हिस्सों   •   (ру́сский язы́к) Части Сюжета   •   (Dansk) Dele af en Historie   •   (Svenska) Delar av en Berättelse   •   (Suomi) Osaa Tarina   •   (Norsk) Deler av en Historie