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Tragedie af Hamlet Lektionsplaner

One of the most quoted lines of Shakespeare comes from Hamlet: "To be or not to be, that is the question!" Inspire and engage your students with captivating storyboards as you teach The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, a dark tale of a prince consumed by revenge. Bring the vivid imagery to life with these activities that incorporate all four strands of the ELA Common Core State Standards.


Studenteraktiviteter for Tragedien i Hamlet, Prins af Danmark



Brief Hamlet Summary

The Tragedy of Hamlet by William Shakespeare takes place in Elsinore Castle, the home of Denmark’s royal family. A ghost resembling the recently dead King Hamlet, has been spotted walking throughout the Castle. Prince Hamlet, the late King’s son, comes to speak to the ghost. The King tells his son that he was murdered by Claudius, the King’s brother, who inherited the throne and married the queen, Gertrude. Before disappearing, the ghost orders his son to seek revenge.

Prince Hamlet, a devoted son, agrees to avenge his father’s death but is overwhelmed by the weight of the task. Hamlet has been moody and depressed since his father’s death, and now becomes manic. Claudius and Gertrude had asked two of Hamlet’s good friends, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, to spy on him, but even they are unable to discover the cause of Hamlet’s strange behavior.

Before long, Hamlet devises a plan to test his uncle. A group of actors have come to perform at the castle, and Hamlet instructs them to perform a scene resembling his father’s death. Horatio, one of Hamlet’s oldest friends, and the only other person who knows of the murder, agrees to watch Claudius’ reaction.

During the sequence, Claudius runs to pray. Horatio and Hamlet believe this suffices to prove his guilt. Hamlet goes after Claudius with the intent to kill him, but hesitates, and refuses to kill Claudius while in prayer.

Hamlet then confronts his mother about his father’s death and her new husband. While in her room, he hears something behind the curtain. Thinking it is Claudius, he draws his sword, stabs through the curtain. The person behind the curtain was Claudius’s chief counselor, Polonius.

Hamlet is banished to England with for accidentally killing Polonius. The King sends Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, along with signed orders for the King of England to kill the prince. Knowing their treachery, Hamlet switches out the letter with orders to kill Rosencrantz and Guildenstern instead. The two men are executed, and Hamlet returns to Denmark.

Back in Denmark, Polonius’s his daughter, Ophelia, who had been courting Hamlet, drowns herself in a river. Polonius’s son, Laertes, vows to avenge his father’s death, and blames Hamlet for Ophelia’s death as well. Claudius and Laertes devise a plan to kill Hamlet during a fencing match.

In the match, Hamlet scores the first point. Claudius offers him a drink from a poisoned goblet but Hamlet declines. Instead, his mother takes a drink and it kills her. Hamlet is struck by Laertes with a poisoned sword, and in a scuffle over blades, the two switch swords, and Laertes is shortly after wounded with the poison blade as well. Before he dies, Laertes confesses to Hamlet that Claudius poisoned the goblet. Hamlet stabs Claudius, and forces him to drink the rest of the poison from the goblet. Horatio attempts to drink from the poison goblet, but Hamlet orders him to stay alive to tell the tale. Fortinbras, King of Norway, arrives to find the entire royal family dead, Horatio tells him the story of what has happened, and Fortinbras takes the crown for himself.


Essential Questions For The Tragedy of Hamlet

  1. What decisions will I make today that will affect my life in the future?
  2. How would knowing what will happen after death affect the way I live?
  3. When is it appropriate to act on impulses, and when should care and consideration be taken?

Other Hamlet Activity Ideas

  1. Create storyboards that show a contrast between times Hamlet acted quickly and when he was methodical. Show how the outcomes were different.
  2. Depict an event from the play that, if it happened differently, would have changed the entire play.
  3. Create a parody or satire of the play as if it took place now with social networking! Storyboard That has the icons you need to adapt Hamlet to your favorite website!
  4. Depict the important parts of the famous Hamlet soliloquy, “To be, or not to be...”, in six cells.
  5. Add a presentation to any storyboard project to showcase your abilities! (And hit CCSS Speaking and Listening Standards!)

Sådan Forklarer du Tragedier ved Hjælp af Storyboard That

1

Introducer Tragedier

Introducer begrebet tragedier for eleverne ved hjælp af beskrivende definitioner og velkendte eksempler. Et andet eksempel end Hamlet, som enhver elev skal være opmærksom på, er "Romeo og Julie", som også er skrevet af Shakespeare.

2

Opret en Storyboard-skabelon

Giv eleverne en storyboardskabelon med forskellige paneler og celler, hvor de kan skrive de forskellige stadier og mønstre, der er almindelige i tragedier. De kan også bruge en specifik tragedie som Hamlet til at nedskrive hovedbegivenheder.

3

Oprethold Orden og Flow

Sørg for, at panelerne skifter logisk fra det ene til det næste for at bevare sammenhængen i historien. For at vise strømmen af ​​begivenheder kan eleverne samle paneler ved hjælp af pile eller linjer. Ved at ændre panelstørrelser kan eleverne formidle en følelse af tempo.

4

Foretag Sammenligninger

Lærere kan også bruge Storyboard That til at hjælpe eleverne med at sammenligne forskellige typer tragedier. De kan også bruge denne chance til at foretage en sammenligning mellem tragedier og andre former for skrivning.

5

Reflektere og Analysere

Til sidst kan eleverne opsummere, hvad de har lært af aktiviteterne udført ovenfor og deres egen analyse af forskellige tragedier. De kan også prøve at forbinde disse gamle tragedier med den moderne verden og dens konsekvenser.

Ofte Stillede Spørgsmål om Tragedien om Hamlet, Prins af Danmark

Hvem er hovedpersonen i "Hamlet"?

Prins Hamlet, den unge arving til den danske trone, er hovedpersonen. Han er en kompliceret person, delt mellem hans behov for hævn og hans tendens til introspektion. Hans indre konflikter og følelsesmæssige rejse er kernen i stykkets handling.

Hvilken linje fra "Hamlet" er egentlig berømt?

Hamlets enetale i 3. akt, scene 1 er, hvor det klassiske citat "To be or not to be, that is the question" findes. Hamlet reflekterer over tilværelsens natur, lidelserne under livets udfordringer og frygten for det ukendte i døden i denne reflekterende tale. Dette citat fra talen er virkelig berømt over hele verden og er et glimrende emne for diskussioner og debatter i klassen.

Hvilken del af "Hamlet" betragtes som et "skuespil i et teaterstykke"?

Hamlet brugte "skuespillet i et skuespil" som en strategi til at afsløre kong Claudius' skyld. Hamlet opfører "Musefælden", et skuespil, der genskaber begivenhederne i kong Hamlets død. I Hamlets øjne bekræfter Claudius' svar på stykket hans skyld.

Hvorfor bliver Hamlet ofte omtalt som en tragisk helt?

Hamlets ædle oprindelse, prisværdige egenskaber og ultimative fald fra nåde gør ham til en tragisk helt. Hans overtænkning og tøven er sørgelige fejl, der får ham til at dø tragisk. Publikum føler empati og katarsis, da de ser ham kæmpe og i sidste ende gå til grunde.

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