Activity Overview

An effective way to engage your students is through the creation of storyboards that examine Tone, Word Choice, Imagery, Style, and Theme. This activity is referred to with the acronym “TWIST”. In a TWIST, students focus on a particular paragraph or a few pages, to look deeper at the author’s meaning. For this activity, students will create a 5 cell storyboard, illustrating each letter of TWIST for Rudyard Kipling's poem “If”.

TWIST Example for “If”



The tone of this poem is didactic, which means it sets out to teach a lesson. In this case, a father to his son.


Kipling uses a lot of figurative language in this poem. One example is when he refers to Triumph and Disaster as “imposters”. This is an example of personification. Another example is when Kipling says, “Yours is the earth, and everything that is in it.” This is a hyperbole, or an exaggerated fact.


An example of imagery in this poem is the line, “If you can wait, and not be tired by waiting.”


 “If” is a lyrical poem. This means that it is written with such a rhythm and rhyme pattern that it resembles the musical qualities of a song.


The theme of this poem is self-development. The author is telling his son all of the things he needs to do in order to develop into a good man.

Template and Class Instructions

(These instructions are completely customizable. After clicking "Use This Assignment With My Students", update the instructions on the Edit Tab of the assignment.)

Due Date:

Objective: Create a TWIST analysis of the poem "If".

Student Instructions:

  1. Click "Start Assignment".
  2. Illustrate each example using scenes, characters, and items.
  3. Write a few sentences describing the importance of meaning of each image.
  4. Save and submit storyboard.

Lesson Plan Reference

Grade Level 6-8

Difficulty Level 3 (Developing to Mastery)

Type of Assignment Individual

Type of Activity: Prose Analysis with TWIST

Common Core Standards
  • [ELA-Literacy/RL/6/2] Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments
  • [ELA-Literacy/RL/7/2] Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text
  • [ELA-Literacy/RL/8/2] Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the characters, setting, and plot; provide an objective summary of the text

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