Activity Overview

Learning to summarize a story is a skill students will use throughout their life. Starting with the Beginning, Middle, and End, students will learn to identify important scenes in stories in a way that creates an easy to understand summary. In this activity, students will create a storyboard that summarizes the beginning, middle, and end of Mufaro’s Beautiful Daughters. Teachers may choose to have students include two cells for each, or differentiate by only including one.

Mufaro's Beautiful Daughter Summary Example

Beginning: Manayara tells her sister Nyasha that she will be queen one day, and Nyasha will be her servant. Nyasha has planted a garden and befriends a garden snake who she affectionately names Nyoka. Early one morning a messenger arrives from the city, telling Mufaro that the Great King wishes to choose a wife. They prepare themselves for the journey to the city.

Middle: Manayara sneaks out to journey to the city alone, in order to beat her sister. Along the way she meets a hungry boy and an old woman, both of whom she is rude to. The next day, Nyasha, her father, and the wedding party head out as planned. Nyasha comes across the same people and is kind to them.

End: They find Manayara sobbing at the city gate. She tells them of a cruel snake with five heads, but Nyasha goes ahead anyway. When she arrives at the king’s chamber, she sees her garden snake friend, Nyoka, and he changes shape into the king! He tells Nyasha that he was her garden snake friend, the hungry boy, and the old woman, and that because she was so kind, she is the most beautiful daughter in the land. They get married and Nyasha becomes the queen, with her sister Manayara as a servant in the household.

Template and Class Instructions

(These instructions are completely customizable. After clicking "Use This Assignment With My Students", update the instructions on the Edit Tab of the assignment.)

Due Date:

Objective: Create a visual summary of Mufaro’s Beautiful Daughters.

Student Instructions:

  1. Click "Start Assignment".
  2. Separate the story into the Beginning, Middle, and End.
  3. Create images that represent important moments or sets of events for each of the story components using appropriate scenes, characters, and items.
  4. Write a short description of each part of the story.
  5. Save and Exit to submit your work.

Lesson Plan Reference

Grade Level 2-3

Difficulty Level 2 (Reinforcing / Developing)

Type of Assignment Individual

Type of Activity: Parts of a Story

Common Core Standards
  • [ELA-Literacy/RL/2/2] Recount stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures, and determine their central message, lesson, or moral.
  • [ELA-Literacy/RL/3/2] Recount stories, including fables, folktales, and myths from diverse cultures; determine the central message, lesson, or moral and explain how it is conveyed through key details in the text.


(You can also create your own on Quick Rubric.)

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Mufaro's Beautiful Daughters

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