Spanish Verbs Lesson Plans - Ser vs Estar

In Spanish, distinction between ser and estar is critical. Both verbs translate as “to be” in English; however, their uses are very different, which can make learning and mastering the topic a challenge for students. Generally speaking, ser is used for more permanent things like identity, nationality, personality, and physical attributes. It is also used to express the date and time. Contrarily, estar is used for more temporary states like emotion and location. There are also some unusual instances where either verb could be grammatically correct, but the choice alters the meaning of the statement.

The following storyboards are designed to progress in difficulty as the student advances their understanding and mastery of ser vs estar. Students must first learn to conjugate ser and estar and can use the activities below!

Singular Plural
1st Person soy somos
2nd Person eres sois
3rd Person es son
Singular Plural
1st Person estoy estamos
2nd Person estás estáis
3rd Person está están

Student Activities for Ser vs. Estar

Image Attributions
  • 2014 Calendar • danielmoyle • License Attribution (
  • Barcelona • Moyan_Brenn • License Attribution (
  • Cliffs of Moher • Anosmia • License Attribution (
  • Eiffel Tower Paris France • Calvin YC • License Attribution (
  • El oso y el madroño • art_es_anna • License Attribution (
  • London afternoon • Nick-K (Nikos Koutoulas) • License Attribution (
Find more storyboard activities like these in our World Languages Category!
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