The case ultimatley originated from the political and idiolical rivalry between out going u.s president Jonh Adams .
Arguments for the respondent
The issue was whether or not the court had to approve appointments made in the last days of John Adams presidency,
In Marshall's opinion, Congress could not give the Supreme Court the power to issue an order granting Marbury his commission. ... Marshall argued that the Constitution is the “supreme law of the land“ and that the Supreme Court has the final say over the meaning of the Constitution.
Marbury sued Madison for the missing commissions. Marbury'slawyer thern issued a writ and the case was then brought to the Supreme Court.
the Supreme Court Ruled—the power of the federal courts to declare legislative and executive acts unconstitutional. The unanimous opinion was written by Chief Justice John Marshall.